Amber archaeological finds
All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in the monuments of the Scythian culture, they belong to the middle of VII – first half of VI century BC, Archaeologists discovered several hundreds of amber beads in the Royal tomb of the early Scythian time near the village Argens. Amber was of some value. On the territory of Moscow Russia the oldest archaeological findings date from the second half of the third to mid second Millennium BC have Been found rings of amber on two Neolithic sites. Discovered Russian painter N. To. Roerich, who made excavations in the old cemetery in Novgorod, where burial was made in the first Millennium BC There he found 267 pieces of amber.
In Lithuania more than 60 items found amber. The most ancient archaeological finds of amber belong to the new stone age, the Neolithic age (4000 – 1600 BC). From the Gulf have been raised beads, amulets, pendants made of amber, treated the made of flint tools. Also in Lithuania was found in the center of the amber craft.
Archaeological findings indicate that in Greece, amber was treasured 1,600 years BC the Greek mythology calls the amber tears of the nymph. In the Odyssey Homer describes an amber necklace that belonged to a Phoenician merchant. From Greece amber got to the Mediterranean Nations. This is indicated by the amber, found by archaeologists in the tomb of Pharaoh Tutankhamun 1400 years BC and in Mesopotamia, 900 BC
Archaeological finds tell us that in the far East since ancient times, amber was not only done jewelry. Bowl from the treasure of Atalaia, king ready of the VI century, which was discovered in Petrose, indicate that at the time the amber was processed along with garnets, turquoise and Indian almandine. The supplied amber from Prussia, he was very popular.
In Ancient Rome, widespread amber pear shaped, or in the form of a RAM’s head, it was believed that such products will bring fertility and successful hunting. People believed that amber brings to its owner victory in battle, so big part of amber items found in the burial, combat amulets.
In 1938, an archaeological expedition under the leadership of M. K. Carter, producing excavations of the ancient Kyiv, found in the territory of the Mikhailovsky monastery hut-workshop on processing of amber products. It contained 650 g of amber, mostly raw. Along with the finished product (amber beads, crosses.) was found over 50 semi-finished blanks for jewelry articles and even marriage. Nearby were several flint tools that served, apparently, tools for processing of amber. Workshop dates back to XII-XIII centuries. The amount of material and semi-finished products it is much superior to a well known shop in old Ryazan.
Each finding is a strong interest of historians and archaeologists. Behind them lies the history of the peoples and of their political relations, trade contacts.