Ancient Tanais (Rostov region)

Few people know that on the territory of Rostov region is true… Greek city! More precisely its excavations, what was left of it. The city of Tanais (Greek Tape and Tape), founded in the early 3rd century BC by the Greeks from the Bosporan Kingdom. The town played an important role in the development of trade by sea.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

Who has not lived on this earth: the Scythians, the Amazons, the Greeks, the Venetians, the Polovtsian tribes and of course we, Russians.But, everything in order.

A little more than a couple of millennia ago, judging by the notes, Greco-Roman historians, on the don land inhabited by beautiful Amazons. They tilled the soil, and when it was time of war — take up arms. In order to freely own weapons, poor women even burned their right breast (to make it easier to throw a spear). In those days the river don was called Amazonia. One day, Amazon Lizippa and warrior Barossa was born the son of Tanais. The boy grew up and turned into a beautiful ,young man with impeccably owned weapons and different martial arts. To devote his life to the military art Tanais took chastity. Meanwhile, the goddess of love, Venus, fell in love with a young boy. It — zero attention. Wounded goddess punished Tanais love for his mother. The guy failed the test, and threw himself from a high hill into the river. Since then, the river was named “Tanais”. And then, in the name of the river, and called the City.

So, one Sunny summer day by car from Rostov-on-don, we went to the adventure “back in time”. Narrow highway Rostov-Taganrog, poplar along roads and hot, hot..Not far from the city of Taganrog turned the direction of Tanais, which is impossible to pass.

Leaving the car at the entrance of the reserved area, bought tickets in a small lonely office and went deep (literally) in the study of history.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

The first thing that impresses in this place is sky high, endless steppe free and a great overview of the surrounding area (due to location). the privacy, lack of people. The second is the realization that you are on ancient Hellenic land, sung by Homer.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

The territory of the Tanais is about 3 hectares, and large area excavations in Russia. The work is being done from the mid-19th century and continues to this day.

The first thing we decided to explore the Museum, it is small and “poor”. Unfortunately all that was interesting and gold was exported in large museums.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

The first room of the Museum devoted to the history of the city, its trading purpose. Special attention is paid amphora imports.The main character of the classes of Tanayev :crafts, agriculture, ranching.To “Conquest of the Tanais Polemon” adjacent area with reconstructions of war machines of ancient times life-size (eution and onager), it also exhibited the finds of parts of weapons and military clothing and a small diorama “Location of military vehicles on the watchtower”.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

In the second hall of the Museum extensively presented the topics “Trade” and “craft”.The third hall of the Museum is “the Religion of Tanatos” and “the Necropolis of Tanais”.The fourth hall of the exhibition.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

I note that on this territory lived also Polovtsian tribes, who left behind a large number of statues of Women, holding in his hands the likeness of the bowl.According to legend, Polovtsian Baba was installed around the burial ground, face to the sun. The soul of the deceased had to move into stone statues.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

In the reserve you can see a reconstruction of the Polovtsian house of clay, straw korytovo. In great heat the temperature inside such a house about 20 degrees. This is what we have used for relaxation .

After visiting the Museum we went to see the most interesting ancient site. In this place you can climb independently in the excavations, to feel the special spirit of this place.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

I do not recommend digging, you can get a fine . On-site, of course, will not see the Greek columns and squares. Quite simply — the house of stone, standing tightly to each other, development is chaotic .Archaeologists who first discovered the mound, and we were very upset, as I expected to find great treasures. But it turned out that the treasure is already someone more than once were found and removed.

The city has repeatedly leveled with the earth, robbed graves. The last 100 years and the locals take it to the stones for their home gardens, as the reserve is poorly guarded.

The territory is divided into so-called “blocks”, each of them a plate with a plan of the area: here was the pool and the area.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

You can also see the structure restored Roman bridge and even walk on it.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

After walking around excavations through the hole in the fence we went to walk around the farm Nedvigovka and went down to the tributary of the don — Donets North. Quiet, no people… only the passing train broke the prosperity on this earth.

Who did destroy the Tanais?

In 40-ies of the 3rd century BC was completely destroyed by the tribes that were part of the Union, led by the Goths.

To leave did not want. But ahead of us waiting for the new adventure…

How to get there: the village Nedvigovka, Rostov region, about 40 km from Rostov-on-don, on the route Rostov-Taganrog

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