Archaeological finds: war is the natural state of man
The other day Kenyan military base in Somalia was attacked by militants of the Islamist group “Shabab”. At the time of the attack, Kenyan soldiers were sound asleep, and it was expensive. Dozens of soldiers and opened her eyes. As the Kenyan member of Parliament Yusuf Hassan, “It was a shock. We don’t Burundi, Ethiopia we don’t, we are not Uganda. Our country has no history of wars. With us this never happened”. It was at this same time, in the lagoon on the shores of lake Turkana in the Kenyan expedition of archaeologists tried to prove the opposite. She found traces of the massacre, which happened approximately 10,000 years ago – before people began to engage in agriculture.
Apparently, one group of hunters attacked another group and were brutally murdered her. Talked about broken skulls, said arrows and spears in the skeletons.
Last Wednesday the journal “Nature” published a report by scientists. It States that from 12 found the bodies of those killed 10 were with traces of explicit violence. In addition, they discovered the bodies of 15 people killed in the same battle. Remains found in Northern Kenya on the shores of the lake, talking about the cruelty of the massacre. So one warrior stuck two arrows, which pierced his skull, and his knees were broken with maces. A woman was found pregnant in sixth month, killed by a blow to the head, perhaps bound his hands before he died.
Violence has always been present in people’s lives. But when it began to develop into war? This question is hotly debated in science. Some scholars argue that war is deeply rooted in human evolution. As evidence they point to the fights between different tribes of chimpanzees. Others stress the influence of complex and hierarchical human societies and the raids on the warehouses of the fruit farming.
March Mirazon Lahr and Robert Foley from Cambridge University and Turkana basin Institute in Kenya’s capital Nairobi, and a group of other scientists, came to the conclusion, reported in “Nature”: was found near the shores of lake Turkana indicate the existence of wars between prehistoric hunting tribes.
The authors agrees with Luke glowacki, a Harvard researcher evolutionary human biology. He says: “Such findings, as this has not yet happened”. Together with Professor of biological anthropology at Harvard Richard glowacki Raghama traced the evolutionary path of human warfare, inherent and chimpanzees. This shows, he says, “what war occurred before the invention of agriculture”.
Douglas Frey, Professor of anthropology at Alabama a & m University, also agrees with the authors of the article in “Nature” that they found the remains resemble massacre, but said “running too far ahead” announcement this carnage of war. He writes that nomadski tribes could “make war.” And anyway they were already close enough from a sedentary life.
Dr. Frey says, “I would like to see the fortification and the village, built in the defensive areas, I would like to see a weapon of war and the artistic or symbolic embodiment of war.” This is the only condition he agreed to call the Kenyan discovery scientists the war. What about nuclear weapons, Dr. Frey!
The first of the scientists who stumbled upon the remains lying directly on the surface, was Pedro Ebeya from the Turkana basin Institute. Researchers began to test this larger area since 2009, is rich in fossils, remains of weapons, like harpoons, and some clay pots. At the end of the reconnaissance of Abaya said Dr. Lahr: “I have a bone for you”. Excavations began. The remains were born one after the other. Didn’t they have remodeling and burial. They fell on the battlefield, and so remained there ten thousand years.
The authors of the report in “Nature” you write that the attack on a local tribe could be a RAID for food, or just a RAID of one tribe to another. Found the vessels said that the tribes already knew how to store food. The remains belonged to adults and children, under the age of six. Scientists suggest that the boys, the attackers were able to capture.
Dr. Lahr said that allow of such a hypothesis. The local population began to multiply rapidly in those days, creating a conflict with neighbors and strangers, seeking “Lebensraum”. These were the conditions that led to the clashes and war, she says.
So people fight each other at least ten thousand years, and its “succeeded” (From chimpanzee to homo sapiens. From stones to nuclear bombs). Frankly, all this does not inspire confidence that the war might end. no wonder now the whole world is at war. Even the scrap of land where people have found “evidence” of his multi-millennial madness.