ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARGUE AND DOUBT
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica.
This is the name of a number of artifacts discovered in 1930 in Iraq. The vessels suffered from corrosion, but because the archaeologists have suggested that they probably were used to store vinegar or wine. However, it later emerged the hypothesis that these vessels could be used as electrochemical cells to cover the gold with silver. Although it has been proven that at least this is theoretically possible controversy regarding their purpose is still ongoing.
The mummy ötzi was found high in the Alps on the border of Austria and Italy. Ice mummy man, also known as the Tyrolean Iceman is the oldest naturally preserved mummy in Europe. There are many discussions and hypotheses about how ötzi died. The most popular theories include various versions, ranging from participation in the search group and ending with the ritual of sacrifice.
This is one of the five skulls found in Dmanisi, Georgia. The unusual dimensions of the skull are the subject of ongoing debate in the archaeological community. Basically scientists still argue about whether Mansiyskiy hominoid an early form of Homo erectus (Homo erectus) or not.
Ancient cylinder containing Akkadian cuneiform, was discovered in 1879 on the territory of modern Iraq. This manuscript was written in the name of the king of Achaemenid, Cyrus the Great. To this day among scientists tense debate about its historical significance. Some experts see it as a confirmation of repatriation of the Jews, while others see it as the oldest known Charter of human rights.
Prehistoric man calico
Thousands of stone artifacts, reminiscent of prehistoric tools were unearthed during archaeological excavations in southern California, conducted on-site, known as prehistoric man calico. Scientists are still arguing about whether these “tools” artifacts (made by humans) or archaeology (formed by nature).
The discovery of the archaeological site of Monte Verde in Chile has led many archaeologists to believe that people settled in America much earlier than was assumed before (the age of the monument, defined in 14.5 thousand years).
Perhaps one of the most controversial archaeological discoveries in the history can be called the cave located in new Mexico, which was excavated by Frank Jibboom in the 1930s and 1940s. Many of its working methods and his conclusions are a source of great controversy in archaeological circles even today. Especially controversial is the assumption that people inhabited North America much earlier than previously thought.
Piltdown man may have been one of the most famous anthropological hoax ever committed by people. After all, in fact, after bone fragments were discovered in England, presented as remains of a previously unknown species of early humans, the scientific world it took 40 years to expose this deception. The identity of the forger remains unknown.
Renamo is covered with cracks diabase dyke located in Sweden with allegedly runic inscription on one side. This theory was the source of several recent disputes in the scientific world as to whether the discovered crack any Account, or the result of natural wear patterns.
The Cave Of The White Shaman
This 7-metre painting, discovered in Texas, has become the main topic of numerous debates and discussions about its goals and purpose. The most common theories include a variety of ideas, ranging from rituals performed before the battle, and ending with ancient religious ceremonies.
Three tablets found in Romania in 1961, caused serious controversy among archeologists, especially about their age and value. And more specifically, experts are not agreed on whether they constitute an early form of writing or not.
This is a remarkably well-preserved minaret in Afghanistan, the exact date of construction and the true purpose which caused many discussions among scholars. Even if we assume that the present inscription on the side supposedly includes this information, it is impossible to interpret.
Although, the Nazca lines are perhaps better known, the Andean chandelier is another close to them geoglyph, which put archaeologists in a dead end. While some of them claim that it had religious significance, others pointed to the fact that since it is cut out on the side of a hill, which can be seen at a distance of 20 km, while in the open sea, then perhaps he was a sort of landmark for sailors.
Uffington white horse
This prehistoric figure is found in England on one of the hills, consists of deep trenches filled with white chalk. Nevertheless for many years scientists argue about, is it really a horse at all or is it some other animal. Date of its creation is even more controversial question than the previous one.