Gorno-Altaisk state University
The Museum was organized in 1994 under the guidance of the scientific worker of the scientific-research sector of Gorno-Altaisk state University, V. I. Soenov and the assistant of the chair of Russian history and law A. B. Abela. The basis of the exhibition includes materials obtained in archaeological excavations of V. D. Kubarev, V. A. Mogilnikova, V. I. Sainova, A. C. Abela, etc.
In 2011, the Museum of archaeology became part of the Museum complex of the Gorno-Altai state University.
The Museum holds the work of educational, cultural, and scientific nature:
on the basis of the Museum is Museum practice students of historical faculty;
for first-year students is conducted “archaeological skit” – presentation of results of archaeological expeditions Gaga;
there are thematic excursions for schoolchildren, visitors, University students and other educational institutions of the city;
the Museum participates in citywide events;
publikuyutsya the Museum;
the Museum of archaeology participated in the archaeological expeditions of the University, office and office processing of obtained materials;
section of Museum studies at the annual scientific and practical conference of students, postgraduates and teachers.
The Museum exposition is built in chronological order and consists of sections reflecting the archeological periodization of the Altai mountains. The exhibition presents materials from all the major historical periods from the Paleolithic period to the ethnographic time, etc. the Main part of the ethnographic collections of the Museum are household items sent by Professor N. N. Surazakova.
The development of the project of Museum exhibition produced with the support of the Russian Foundation for Humanities project – Ministry of education and science of the Altai Republic N 14-11-04003(p) “traditional Altai costume in historical perspective” (hands. S. V. Trifanov).
The Paleolithic era is represented by points, scrapers, cutters, knife-like plates, billets, guns and flakes, which characterize the stone industry of the Altai mountains.
Historical period, including the Neolithic, Chalcolithic and bronze age, presents materials from stone (arrowheads, jewelry, graters, etc.), clay (ostrogannye and round-bottomed vessels, decorated “Christmas tree” ornament) and bronze (daggers, spearheads).
The most widely in the exhibition reflects the early iron age. The weapons are bronze daggers, knives, mint, bone and bronze arrowheads, a bronze quiver hook; the equipment of the horse – bone ornamented with curb bits, horse bit bronze, bone girth buckles; toilet articles of bronze mirrors.
The Hun-Sarmatian period and the middle ages are represented by arms (the bone plate on the bow, arrowheads, iron knives); household objects (ceramic and wooden utensils); with items of equipment of the horse (iron stirrups, buckles, a bone fastener).
Ethnography of Altai and Russian Mountain Altai is represented by objects of everyday life: leather, wooden, cast-iron vessels, wooden trunk; tools – cornucopiae, axes; items of equipment horse – saddle, wooden stirrups, etc.
Annually the Fund of the Museum replenished with the materials received during the archaeological and ethnographic practices of first-year students of historical faculty and scientific expeditions of employees of the Department of archaeology, Ethnography and source study. Another important source of replenishment of the funds of the Museum are the gifts of the students of our University.
The archaeology Museum carries out scientific-educational function. It solves the problem of deepening students ‘ knowledge of archaeology and Ethnography of Gorny Altai and creation of conditions to meet the needs of students in improving professional and cultural knowledge. On the basis of the Museum is Museum practice students, assuming the acquaintance of students with cameral processing and storage of collections; preparation of inventories; reconstruction of ancient objects, etc. of the students who have chosen specialization in archaeology, a more deepened study the materials stored in the Museum