In Siberia, archaeologists stumbled
Novosibirsk archaeologists stumbled upon the mass grave of the early Neolithic. The artifacts that they found there, put more questions than gave answers. The purpose of the matters specialists is unclear. Nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found. In addition to the bone knife, the exact analogue of which has already been detected. However, in the Baltic States, thousands of kilometers to the West. In Vengerovskiy district of the Novosibirsk region employees of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences unearthed a bronze age settlement and unexpectedly stumbled upon a much more ancient burials belonging to the Neolithic period. The amazing thing is that they were a kind of communal graves in total, were found the remains of 28 people. Now scientists are wondering what he’s talking about this find. According to one version, already in the stone age on the territory from Eastern Europe to Western Siberia, there lived a people. On the other — between these regions and in ancient times had close trade links. Novosibirsk archeologists have made a discovery, which they describe in two words — “fantastically lucky”.
Found in Vengerovskiy district archaeological sites — mounds of the early Neolithic. Their age is estimated at approximately 8 thousand years — these results were based on radiocarbon analysis. Soobshcheniya that they used, absolutely unique, not found anywhere else. In the center of one of the graves buried the woman half-sitting, in hands at which was a large stone plate. This Central grave surrounded by a discontinuous ditch, which, like layer cake, lie the remains of 19 people. In another grave was found the remains of nine people. One of buried in “mass graves” — the child. Under his polished skull was found on all sides of a rectangular stone plate the size of an iPhone, is decorated with notches around the perimeter. What is this artifact and what was its purpose, and scientists don’t know yet and even do not realize. The thing is that nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found.
This is an absolutely wonderful find. However, it is unclear what is its functional purpose. Perhaps it’s an ancient calendar. Or something else. Analogues of this subject in the other burials have not yet met, and to say exactly what it is, we can’t.
Vyacheslav Molodin, academician of RAS, Deputy Director of the Institute of archeology and Ethnography of SB RAS on scientific work
Photo: still from the video TV NSC 49
Another made in Neolithic cemeteries of the discovery was no less mysterious. This is a piece of curved and polished horns of an elk. Perhaps it served to the ancient people of weapons, but what specifically was used — again, unclear.
And yet most of the questions caused the artifact, the purpose of which is absolutely clear. The bone pommel of a dagger, decorated with a bird. Not of gold or silver, without a unique thread. However, this is quite a common finding was the most sensational. As it turned out, the same dagger archaeologists have found, but in the Baltic States, thousands of miles away from the Novosibirsk region.
The exact counterpart of this bone dagger was found in a Neolithic burial in the Baltic States, in Lake the plain. And this is the most striking. What does this mean? Perhaps about trade relations that existed already in the time between the populations of the circumpolar taiga zone of Siberia and Europe. Or indicates the relationship between them. We have that already in Neolithic times there was a big community which inhabited a vast territory from Eastern Europe to the North of the West Siberian plain. In favor of the second version, according to academician Vyacheslav Molodin, according to the results of the genetic analysis. They prove the relationship of the Neolithic population of the Baltic States and Western Siberia. However, this issue still remains a stumbling block for paleogenetics. Some of them agree with Molodkinym and I believe that all these huge expanses in ancient stone age, was inhabited by one people.
Expert opinion David Meyerson anthropologist (Israel), SmartNews
— Recent genetic studies on collected material by archaeologists of the Neolithic period, prove that the population of the forest-steppe zone of Western Siberia belonged to the proto-European type. That is already in the stone age lived Caucasians. However, they exhibited some features of physical appearance. In particular, a small plaque Mongoloid features. However, if we consider the anthropological differences between the modern inhabitants of Western Siberia and Eastern Europe, we also find a similar plaque Mongoloid Siberians, approximately to the same extent. Therefore, I believe that there is reason to say that all of these areas during the Neolithic was inhabited by one people.
Another part of researchers believe that the differences between the inhabitants of Eastern Europe and Western Siberia during the Neolithic were so significant that they should be attributed to different anthropological types.
Expert opinion. Ruslan Roshchin anthropologist, candidate of historical Sciences, SmartNews — of Course, this is very attractive from a political point of view, the theory is to declare that the whole territory of Russia from its Western borders to Siberia in the Neolithic was inhabited by one people. And yet to reality this will have little. The Neolithic population of Siberia occupied an intermediate position between two big races — the Mongoloid and the Caucasoid. And it was closer to the Mongoloid trunk. And the signs of Mongoloid intensified as offset to the East, reaching a maximum in the Transbaikal. So I think a more convincing version about trade relations between the Neolithic inhabitants of Siberia and Europe, and led to the discovery of a similar Baltic dagger in the Novosibirsk region.