The Museum “Archaeology, Ethnography and ecology of Siberia” of the Kemerovo state University begins its story since the 70’s, when Professor A. I. Martynov (head of. the Department of archaeology) and Professor T. N. Vagina (head the Department of Zoology) began to create the Metropolitan museums of archaeology and Zoology. Their work was crowned with success. In 1980, the museums were open. Presented in the Museum materials were collected by teachers and students of historical and biological faculties more than 30 years.
In 1997 the museums combined. Today the Museum is a major unit of the University, which has a library, a Photograph collection, an archive . restoration and taxidermy workshops, laboratory, office, storage, classrooms.
The Museum has more than 310 000 units. In addition to materials on archeology and Ethnography of southern Siberia, there are copies of petroglyphs of the Altai, Khakassia, Tuva, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, osteological. paleontological, Zoological, entomological and ornithological collections.
With the collections of our Museum are schoolchildren. students, graduate students. scientists and leading specialists from different countries. The Museum funds and expositions are a training base for specialized courses and practical classes on the history of primitive society, Ethnography, museology and ecology I.
The Museum created a Board of leading specialists of the relevant branches of science under the leadership of Vice-rector of University Ph. D. Professor B. P. Nevzorova. The Museum holds archaeological, Museum practices, Museum staff are actively involved in the creation of scientific works, scientific-methodical recommendations. Actively implemented the program “Museum – school – the unified educational space” for use of the regional component of school curricula for history, geography, biology and ecology. In the halls of the Museum are the feasts of the presentation of scientific papers, exhibitions, conferences. Continue reading
The Museum was organized in 1994 under the guidance of the scientific worker of the scientific-research sector of Gorno-Altaisk state University, V. I. Soenov and the assistant of the chair of Russian history and law A. B. Abela. The basis of the exhibition includes materials obtained in archaeological excavations of V. D. Kubarev, V. A. Mogilnikova, V. I. Sainova, A. C. Abela, etc.
In 2011, the Museum of archaeology became part of the Museum complex of the Gorno-Altai state University.
The Museum holds the work of educational, cultural, and scientific nature:
on the basis of the Museum is Museum practice students of historical faculty;
for first-year students is conducted “archaeological skit” – presentation of results of archaeological expeditions Gaga;
there are thematic excursions for schoolchildren, visitors, University students and other educational institutions of the city;
the Museum participates in citywide events;
publikuyutsya the Museum;
the Museum of archaeology participated in the archaeological expeditions of the University, office and office processing of obtained materials;
section of Museum studies at the annual scientific and practical conference of students, postgraduates and teachers. Continue reading
Harikari adopted in archaeological science the name for the mounds with rounded stone mound and circular or square fence connected with a loose stone “rays”, or “paths”. Harikari got its name from the Mongolian word “charges ur” — “socket of the Kyrgyz” or “Kyrgyz grave”.
The Kyrgyz were the last Turkic people who dominated the steppes of the Centre. Asia in the era of “Kyrgyz great power” in the IX—X centuries (see the State of the Yenisei Kyrgyz), before these lands migrated Mongolian nomadic tribes. So the Mongols all the ancient mounds called “Kyrgyz” by name prior to people. In scientific use the term “Harikari” was introduced by Russian scientists and travellers, who carried the expedition to Mongolia in the late XIX — early XX century. Among Heraxosov are very large structures with bulk in 60-80 m in diameter and 15 m height and diameter of circular wall 250 meters Often around the fence Heraxosov in several rows located circular calculations – altars. On the area of burial grounds adjacent to Gerakari installed in 1 or several rows of stone steles with figures of animals and a picture of a belt with weapons, which were named by the researchers “deer stones”. Under the embankment in the centre of Gerakari, at the level of the ancient nevnimateljnostj as a rule, is located, or the tomb of large stones, in which are found skeletons of people buried, laid in a stretched position, on the left side, the head to the West. Any stuff in the grave didn’t put. In many Harakara no traces of burials. However, in the embankment and the square of Harikari in later times after their construction were made of the intake of burial. Therefore, in the past, archaeologists determined the chronology Heraxosov for these later findings. For many decades in Mongolia and Transbaikalia Harikari was dated from the middle Ages and belonged to the old Turkic, or Uighur culture. However, as a result of excavations in Tuva and then in Transbaikalia, the archaeologists were able to determine that the ring fencing Heraxosov covered tiled tombs and barrows of barrows of the late bronze and early Scythian time. Continue reading