A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.
The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.
The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.
Twisted family tree
Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers. thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading
Novosibirsk archaeologists stumbled upon the mass grave of the early Neolithic. The artifacts that they found there, put more questions than gave answers. The purpose of the matters specialists is unclear. Nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found. In addition to the bone knife, the exact analogue of which has already been detected. However, in the Baltic States, thousands of kilometers to the West. In Vengerovskiy district of the Novosibirsk region employees of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences unearthed a bronze age settlement and unexpectedly stumbled upon a much more ancient burials belonging to the Neolithic period. The amazing thing is that they were a kind of communal graves in total, were found the remains of 28 people. Now scientists are wondering what he’s talking about this find. According to one version, already in the stone age on the territory from Eastern Europe to Western Siberia, there lived a people. On the other — between these regions and in ancient times had close trade links. Novosibirsk archeologists have made a discovery, which they describe in two words — “fantastically lucky”.
Found in Vengerovskiy district archaeological sites — mounds of the early Neolithic. Their age is estimated at approximately 8 thousand years — these results were based on radiocarbon analysis. Soobshcheniya that they used, absolutely unique, not found anywhere else. In the center of one of the graves buried the woman half-sitting, in hands at which was a large stone plate. This Central grave surrounded by a discontinuous ditch, which, like layer cake, lie the remains of 19 people. In another grave was found the remains of nine people. One of buried in “mass graves” — the child. Under his polished skull was found on all sides of a rectangular stone plate the size of an iPhone, is decorated with notches around the perimeter. What is this artifact and what was its purpose, and scientists don’t know yet and even do not realize. The thing is that nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found.
This is an absolutely wonderful find. However, it is unclear what is its functional purpose. Perhaps it’s an ancient calendar. Or something else. Analogues of this subject in the other burials have not yet met, and to say exactly what it is, we can’t. Continue reading