Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s Continue reading
Black diggers — informal search parties or individual enthusiasts, specializing in artifacts of the great Patriotic war and other wars. The main artifacts are part of a soldier’s accoutrements, old household items, awards, etc.
Black archeologists are individuals, sometimes organized in groups involved in the search for historical artifacts at archaeological sites. not having the “open list “, i.e. official permission. This practice existed in almost all times and all over the world. In old Russia were “bugrovsky “, in Latin America — “aceros”.
Special increase the intensity of work of all categories of grinders in recent decades is directly related to the business of selling metal detectors. as well as legal and illegal trafficking of Antiques. Items with extortionate excavation openly sold at “flea markets”, they can often be seen in the Windows of antique shops and the famous American Internet auction site eBay . Such bargaining is and through a Russian online-auction . Currently the breeding ground for the robbers was the layer of wealthy chiefs, bankers, criminal authorities, [ citation 94 days ] in which tradicionarius expensive kinds of collectibles. Now the criminal, often armed, of the group, using earth moving equipment, open the mounds of any size, raked the cultural layer of the ancient settlements after the departure of the archaeologists, spoil already excavated monuments, etc. Continue reading