Archaeologists are special people. They spend months on a dig in hopes of finding some artifact that would allow to lift the veil of secrecy over by the antiquity. And sometimes they succeed. In our review of 12 important archaeological discoveries that have allowed scientists to make a revolution in science.
1. The Baghdad battery
In 1936 in the suburbs of Baghdad discovered a mysterious 13-inch vessel through the neck (filled with bitumen) is held inside the iron rod. Inside the vessel was a copper cylinder, in which came the iron rod. Initially he was considered the world’s first battery of two thousand years ago. But now there was an assumption that in fact it was the vessel for the storage of scrolls.
2. Rosetta stone
Thanks to the Rosetta stone, archaeologists finally managed to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (the text on the stone was written in three languages: Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic and ancient Greek).
3. People from Graball
Thirty years of the man called “the Man from Grauballe” was found more than two thousand years after his death. Surprisingly well-preserved corpse was found in a peat bog in Denmark. Scientists believe that the man was killed in the 3rd century BC: holotrop was cut from ear to ear. Continue reading
Geological research has convincingly shown that during the existence of Australopithecus the Earth’s climate became more dry, rain forests receded. Australopithecus lay in wait for the danger in open, treeless spaces. They needed to obtain food, including hunting. The lack of strong claws, teeth, adequate muscular strength has led to unique achievements, namely: the use of stone, sticks as tools and protection tools.
All in some way affected their evolution. As shown by the finds of parts of the skeletons of the Australopithecines are similar to man in structure of the several parts of the body. They moved on two legs. Over time they have adapted to changing environmental conditions.
So, the anthropoids, and fossil apes, in groups-herds, used the first tools: rocks, sticks for defense and obtaining food. But what food?
The materials of archaeological, geological and paleontological research in recent decades has shown that the Australopithecines used not only vegetable foods but also animals.
Hunting occupied a large place in the economy of the ancient people — it is an indisputable fact, but the premise of development as a form of practice originated and formed another prehuman stage of anthropogenesis. Predposlednyaya (omnivorous) originated from arboreal monkeys in the moment of transition, when they began to eat new kinds of plants growing on the ground, small animals, insects, perhaps, and the corpses of large animals and then to hunt with the stones that were originally used only in self-defense. Therefore, bone remains of animals, such as baboons, found along with the bones of Australopithecus, which bore traces of blows with blunt objects, they force you to change perspective on the nature of economic activities of the ancient hominid as a purely collecting economy. The predominance in the diet of human ancestors eating meat is a positive impact on the formation of the brain of higher fossil apes that had already been noted by F. Engels. Continue reading
About three dozen metro stations can be considered as branches of the paleontological Museum. In their marble cladding can be found ancient fossils.
For some, the search for traces of the Jurassic period has turned into a hobby. Muscovite Alexander Mironenko walking in the subway and shoots shellfish, lilies and other ancient inhabitants, some over 100 million years. In his collection of over 700 images.
NAUTILUS AND SEA LILY
In 2000, the student Mironenko was on geological practice in suburban quarries. “We’ve seen a lot of fossils — the remains of ancient plants, animals, — tells Sasha. — And in Moscow, looking out the window of the carriages of the trains, a girl from our group shouted: “Look, Nautilus [clam]!” No it is, of course, not believed, laughed. But everything began to carefully examine the walls and floor at the stations. And that evening on the way home I found a Nautilus shell in the wall of the lobby on “Dobryninsky”. Sasha is now examined more than 100 stations. On his hunt he gets about once a month.
Especially a lot of fossils on the first built stations — then they were faced with natural marble. “Look closely to the walls of the old lines — red, blue, ring —advises Mironenko. — There is a very curious fossils”. According to him, “Dobryninskaya” and “Biblioteka imeni Lenina”.
If to come on “Dobryninsky” from the “Taganskaya”, approximately where the last stop of the car in the wall in a beautiful red marble you can see a scattering of sea lilies. And in the area of the first carriage — Nautilus with a diameter of 10-15 centimeters. Interesting because its shell is cut so well that you can see all the internal partitions. Not all museums have these items. And the “Library” near the transition to the “Borovitskaya” in yellow marble imprinted ductwork-rudist and gastropod shellfish of the Paleozoic era. The age of the mollusc — about 100 million years. Continue reading