All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in Continue reading
Harikari adopted in archaeological science the name for the mounds with rounded stone mound and circular or square fence connected with a loose stone “rays”, or “paths”. Harikari got its name from the Mongolian word “charges ur” — “socket of the Kyrgyz” or “Kyrgyz grave”.
The Kyrgyz were the last Turkic people who dominated the steppes of the Centre. Asia in the era of “Kyrgyz great power” in the IX—X centuries (see the State of the Yenisei Kyrgyz), before these lands migrated Mongolian nomadic tribes. So the Mongols all the ancient mounds called “Kyrgyz” by name prior to people. In scientific use the term “Harikari” was introduced by Russian scientists and travellers, who carried the expedition to Mongolia in the late XIX — early XX century. Among Heraxosov are very large structures with bulk in 60-80 m in diameter and 15 m height and diameter of circular wall 250 meters Often around the fence Heraxosov in several rows located circular calculations – altars. On the area of burial grounds adjacent to Gerakari installed in 1 or several rows of stone steles with figures of animals and a picture of a belt with weapons, which were named by the researchers “deer stones”. Under the embankment in the centre of Gerakari, at the level of the ancient nevnimateljnostj as a rule, is located, or the tomb of large stones, in which are found skeletons of people buried, laid in a stretched position, on the left side, the head to the West. Any stuff in the grave didn’t put. In many Harakara no traces of burials. However, in the embankment and the square of Harikari in later times after their construction were made of the intake of burial. Therefore, in the past, archaeologists determined the chronology Heraxosov for these later findings. For many decades in Mongolia and Transbaikalia Harikari was dated from the middle Ages and belonged to the old Turkic, or Uighur culture. However, as a result of excavations in Tuva and then in Transbaikalia, the archaeologists were able to determine that the ring fencing Heraxosov covered tiled tombs and barrows of barrows of the late bronze and early Scythian time. Continue reading