Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s Continue reading
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica. Continue reading
Sentenced a group of “black diggers” who were engaged in illegal search and seizure of historical artifacts, announced yesterday the Supreme court RT. According to the FSB Directorate for Tatarstan, a criminal case on the fact of such crimes, and sentencing is Russia’s precedent.
The buffs were detained in July 2014 on the territory of the archaeological monument “Kyzyl-Alinskoe (Novoaleksandrovskaya) settlement” in the Chistopol region of Tatarstan. On the spot they seized 54 archaeological object which the examination was carried subsequently to the X – first half XVI centuries, including coins and jewelry, representing historical, scientific, artistic and cultural value.
The organizers of the group was the 31-year-old previously convicted of drug Manager of one of the Kazan LLC Andrey Nectarin and his friend, 38-the summer anywhere not working inhabitant of Chistopol Ilya Polacken. Both of them, though, and had no higher education, but was fond of history, more precisely, applied to archaeology. I studied the special literature, archaeological maps, interacting on online forums and hunters, armed with special knowledge, looking for areas containing cultural layer, and place of occurrence of antiquities.
In 2014 hounestly met a professional archaeologist, a graduate of Kazan University H. who also used to be fond of treasure, but learn that for some time this hobby has become a criminal offence, threw him. However, for a fee H. agreed to look for new friend areas in Tatarstan, the cultural layer which potentially contains historical value. Note that in order to officially conduct the excavations in such places, you need to get in the RT Ministry of culture special permission – the “open sheet”. But this is a very complicated procedure, and most importantly, found during surveys valuable items have to refer to the Museum Fund. And this is in the plans of black archaeologists was not included. Continue reading