Crete is not only warm sea, clean beaches, tasty food, nature and interesting traditions. Crete is a unique story of civilization, which is already for the ancient Greeks was a legend, written language which is still not fully deciphered, and about the causes of death which can only make assumptions. That’s about it, the English archaeologist sir Arthur Evans said: “I opened a civilization unlike any Greek or Roman” and was named after the legendary king Minos, the Minoan. Traces of the Minoan civilization on Crete can be found at every step. In almost every coastal village has its own Villa, or disposing of left over from that mysterious era. But the most significant monuments of the Minoan palaces. Four. And one of them is the Palace of Knossos – where as predpolagaet and dwelt the mythical Minotaur from the myth Theseus and Ariadne. This air propitannym secret and legends, are also worth a visit the island of the Minotaur. Crete has carried more than Three or the Parthenon. Treasures and monuments found during the excavations have not been looted or taken out of Greece. You can see in archeological museums in Crete, but the largest and one of the most important archaeological museums in Europe – the archaeological Museum of Iraklion. The Museum has a unique kollekcionirovanie art Minojskoj era, and the Museum is therefore rightly called a Museum of Minoan culture. In 2002 the Museum began a complete reconstruction. After 10 years of reconstruction, opened 2 permanent exhibition hall (the hall of sculpture and Minoan frescoes). The entrance to them is free. It is about the unique frescoes, fragments of which were found during excavation of villas and palaces on Crete will be discussed.
When it comes to the Knossos Palace, it is assumed that most of the Palace was decorated with frescoes depicting nature, animals, sacred rituals. For 3500 years, who studied with the time, survived not so much, but even on these fragments it is possible to get an idea looked like the Cretans of the age of Minos. Boy, prekrasny like a flower in the end of the year has to die to get back – “Prince with the lilies”. Continue reading
Novosibirsk archaeologists stumbled upon the mass grave of the early Neolithic. The artifacts that they found there, put more questions than gave answers. The purpose of the matters specialists is unclear. Nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found. In addition to the bone knife, the exact analogue of which has already been detected. However, in the Baltic States, thousands of kilometers to the West. In Vengerovskiy district of the Novosibirsk region employees of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences unearthed a bronze age settlement and unexpectedly stumbled upon a much more ancient burials belonging to the Neolithic period. The amazing thing is that they were a kind of communal graves in total, were found the remains of 28 people. Now scientists are wondering what he’s talking about this find. According to one version, already in the stone age on the territory from Eastern Europe to Western Siberia, there lived a people. On the other — between these regions and in ancient times had close trade links. Novosibirsk archeologists have made a discovery, which they describe in two words — “fantastically lucky”.
Found in Vengerovskiy district archaeological sites — mounds of the early Neolithic. Their age is estimated at approximately 8 thousand years — these results were based on radiocarbon analysis. Soobshcheniya that they used, absolutely unique, not found anywhere else. In the center of one of the graves buried the woman half-sitting, in hands at which was a large stone plate. This Central grave surrounded by a discontinuous ditch, which, like layer cake, lie the remains of 19 people. In another grave was found the remains of nine people. One of buried in “mass graves” — the child. Under his polished skull was found on all sides of a rectangular stone plate the size of an iPhone, is decorated with notches around the perimeter. What is this artifact and what was its purpose, and scientists don’t know yet and even do not realize. The thing is that nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found.
This is an absolutely wonderful find. However, it is unclear what is its functional purpose. Perhaps it’s an ancient calendar. Or something else. Analogues of this subject in the other burials have not yet met, and to say exactly what it is, we can’t. Continue reading
Archaeologists in Peru have managed to make a remarkable discovery: they dug up the room in which priests allegedly burnt sacrifices and communed with the higher powers. The building, built five thousand years ago is probably the most ancient sanctuary in the region.
Peruvian archeologists have discovered the ruins of stone buildings, which in ancient times, in all probability, served as a temple. The ruins of religious buildings situated in the side wing of the main pyramid at El Paraiso, forty kilometers North-East of the capital of Peru, Lima.
In the middle of the temple premises was a place for kindling the sacred fire and the altar for ceremonial burning brought gifts. Archaeologists have given this building called the “Temple of fire”. According to the Ministry of culture of Peru, on fragments of stone walls from the inner side are remains of yellow clay, which thin layer covers the walls of the room. Somewhere on the stones of the masonry and clay scientists found traces of red paint.
The area of the fire Temple small – about 56 square meters (about 7 to 8 meters). Interestingly, the entrance to Hambil very narrow (48 centimeters), so that freely pass through it could only lean, narrow-shouldered man. Researchers believe that in this room, mostly, burned sacrificial gifts. “Inhaling smoke from burning sacrifices, the priests, probably addressed to the gods, asked about vital matters, then listened to the will of the gods,” said Marco Hillje, head of the archaeological expedition, which produces excavations in the territory of El paraíso.
The excavations El paraíso occupies 50 hectares in the valley of the river Chillon. The complex of buildings consists of ten different stone buildings, already cleared from a thick layer of stones and sand. Archaeologists suggest that the settlement is actually one of the earliest in the Andes. Continue reading