The sensational finds of Armenian archaeologists, scientists, and the need for the world view of the phenomenon of Armenian civilization in an exclusive interview with “arch Style” said the Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Sciences (NAS), a member-correspondent of NAS Pavel Avetisyan. Mr. Avetisyan, the year 2014 was quite a landmark for Armenia in terms of archaeological discoveries. Could you elaborate on the uniqueness discovered during the excavation of the finds?
Avetisyan – 2014 year entered the history of Armenian archaeology due to the numerous finds discovered during excavations. According to the results of one of them can be argued about beyond Armenian studies. We are talking about the discovery during the excavations in the Hrazdan gorge stone tools belonging to prehistoric man. The age of these guns, when processing using a bifacial and Levallois technology has replaced it, is 325-330 thousands of years. It is noteworthy that until now it was thought that the type of late Homo Erectus or early Homo Sapiens emerged in Africa and then spread across the planet. This man learned in Africa stone processing, ispolzovalsya technique, which replaced the more primitive a bifacial, which is then distributed throughout its distribution area. Continue reading
Archaeologists are special people. They spend months on a dig in hopes of finding some artifact that would allow to lift the veil of secrecy over by the antiquity. And sometimes they succeed. In our review of 12 important archaeological discoveries that have allowed scientists to make a revolution in science.
1. The Baghdad battery
In 1936 in the suburbs of Baghdad discovered a mysterious 13-inch vessel through the neck (filled with bitumen) is held inside the iron rod. Inside the vessel was a copper cylinder, in which came the iron rod. Initially he was considered the world’s first battery of two thousand years ago. But now there was an assumption that in fact it was the vessel for the storage of scrolls.
2. Rosetta stone
Thanks to the Rosetta stone, archaeologists finally managed to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (the text on the stone was written in three languages: Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic and ancient Greek).
3. People from Graball
Thirty years of the man called “the Man from Grauballe” was found more than two thousand years after his death. Surprisingly well-preserved corpse was found in a peat bog in Denmark. Scientists believe that the man was killed in the 3rd century BC: holotrop was cut from ear to ear. Continue reading
A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.
The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.
The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.
Twisted family tree
Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers. thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading