The sensational finds of Armenian archaeologists, scientists, and the need for the world view of the phenomenon of Armenian civilization in an exclusive interview with “arch Style” said the Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Sciences (NAS), a member-correspondent of NAS Pavel Avetisyan. Mr. Avetisyan, the year 2014 was quite a landmark for Armenia in terms of archaeological discoveries. Could you elaborate on the uniqueness discovered during the excavation of the finds?
Avetisyan – 2014 year entered the history of Armenian archaeology due to the numerous finds discovered during excavations. According to the results of one of them can be argued about beyond Armenian studies. We are talking about the discovery during the excavations in the Hrazdan gorge stone tools belonging to prehistoric man. The age of these guns, when processing using a bifacial and Levallois technology has replaced it, is 325-330 thousands of years. It is noteworthy that until now it was thought that the type of late Homo Erectus or early Homo Sapiens emerged in Africa and then spread across the planet. This man learned in Africa stone processing, ispolzovalsya technique, which replaced the more primitive a bifacial, which is then distributed throughout its distribution area. Continue reading
The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.
The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.
Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading
Each of us at least by hearsay is familiar with the pyramids and the tombs of the pharaohs in Egypt.
However, many interesting discoveries in the history of archaeology and remained for us a mystery.
Some archeological finds are rarely mentioned in the books, despite the fact that they, indeed, represent very significant value for scientists and for science in General.
Interesting archaeological finds
1. L’anse AUX meadows (L’anse aux Meadows)
Presumably, this ancient village was built by Vikings and is considered the West their habitat. This unusual monument is of particular interest to scholars.
The fact that it was built 500 years before Columbus discovered North America, and this fact makes this finding are incredible.
According to archaeologists, the Vikings who settled in L’anse AUX meadows, came to this country from Greenland.
2. Sacsayhuaman (Saksaywaman)
The fortress is located outside of Cuzco, Peru – the former capital of the Inca Empire.
Giant breed of this highly complex connection installed so tightly together that even hundreds of years after their construction you can’t pass between them, nor even to pass through the sheet of paper. Continue reading