One of the most remarkable and long-known monuments in the territory of Nakhodka is a settlement on the hill Scoltock. This settlement was discovered long ago, back in 1960-m to year, however, his study still no one did. The monument is located at the entrance to the city on the hill “Soldotna” about 25 meters in height, with steep slopes and a flat top. The slopes of the hills on its Northern, more gentle side, cut terrace-like platforms, made by cutting into the slope of one side of the terrace. All terraces counted about 10.
On the slopes and the top of the hill can be traced the numerous traces of unauthorized excavations, produced by local students – all terraces of the settlement violated pits and trenches. In the course of exploration in 2000 were also collected rich material of ceramic and stone tools: polished arrowheads, fragment of retouched obsidian tip, half a polished stone knife, stone hammers, flakes and chips, provincializing spindles, many fragments of pottery with ornamentation. The collected material has allowed to allocate in the settlement the presence of three layers: Neolithic (zaisanovka archaeological culture); early iron age (ansca archaeological culture); early middle ages (Mohe).
Another archaeological monument is a rock Bakhirev, which is located on a small rocky promontory jutting out into the sea from the main massif of Cape Astafeva. With the mainland Bakhirev Rock connected by a narrow isthmus of shingle embankment
The settlement was discovered during a campaign – intelligence in February 2003. The surface of the earth was covered with snow, but in some areas the snow has melted or been blown away by the wind, which helped to gather a small collection of lifting material. Continue reading
If someone is lucky enough on the beach to find fossilized seashells, it is possible to recognize them easily. But there are many fossils, looking for that hard to guess what they represented. The problem is compounded by the fact that many of the fossils are incomplete or poorly preserved. Sometimes the doubts are even scientists. In our review of the 10-ka fossils, which for many decades was not recognized.
Fossilized Ammonites are quite common today, but for thousands of years it took for anything except shellfish. The ancient Greeks thought they were RAM horns, and named the Amish in honor of the Egyptian God Amun, who was depicted with similar horns. The ancient Chinese called it the stone-horns for the same reason. In Nepal, fossilized Ammonites were considered a relic left by the God Vishnu. The Vikings thought of them as sacred petrified offspring of the world serpent of Ermengarda.
In the middle ages Ammonites were known in Europe as snake stones because it was believed that it was the petrified body of a coiled serpent, which turned into stone and Christian saints. Today it became known that the Ammonites is only fossilized shells of creatures that became extinct about four hundred million years ago. Continue reading
Harikari adopted in archaeological science the name for the mounds with rounded stone mound and circular or square fence connected with a loose stone “rays”, or “paths”. Harikari got its name from the Mongolian word “charges ur” — “socket of the Kyrgyz” or “Kyrgyz grave”.
The Kyrgyz were the last Turkic people who dominated the steppes of the Centre. Asia in the era of “Kyrgyz great power” in the IX—X centuries (see the State of the Yenisei Kyrgyz), before these lands migrated Mongolian nomadic tribes. So the Mongols all the ancient mounds called “Kyrgyz” by name prior to people. In scientific use the term “Harikari” was introduced by Russian scientists and travellers, who carried the expedition to Mongolia in the late XIX — early XX century. Among Heraxosov are very large structures with bulk in 60-80 m in diameter and 15 m height and diameter of circular wall 250 meters Often around the fence Heraxosov in several rows located circular calculations – altars. On the area of burial grounds adjacent to Gerakari installed in 1 or several rows of stone steles with figures of animals and a picture of a belt with weapons, which were named by the researchers “deer stones”. Under the embankment in the centre of Gerakari, at the level of the ancient nevnimateljnostj as a rule, is located, or the tomb of large stones, in which are found skeletons of people buried, laid in a stretched position, on the left side, the head to the West. Any stuff in the grave didn’t put. In many Harakara no traces of burials. However, in the embankment and the square of Harikari in later times after their construction were made of the intake of burial. Therefore, in the past, archaeologists determined the chronology Heraxosov for these later findings. For many decades in Mongolia and Transbaikalia Harikari was dated from the middle Ages and belonged to the old Turkic, or Uighur culture. However, as a result of excavations in Tuva and then in Transbaikalia, the archaeologists were able to determine that the ring fencing Heraxosov covered tiled tombs and barrows of barrows of the late bronze and early Scythian time. Continue reading