Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town of Popayan, on the banks of the Magdalena river. Park San Agustín. Included in the world Heritage list of UNESCO.
San agustín is located in 227 km from the capital of the Department Neiva. The population is about 30 000 people the city was Originally founded as a village in 1752 by Alejo the Spaniard Astudillo, but the Indians soon destroyed it. The modern village was founded in 1790 by Lucas de Erazo-and-Mandhana.
In the area found traces of one of the most interesting civilizations of the Western hemisphere. Not far from San Agustin, at an altitude of 1800 meters at the source of the Magdalena river, in the cave found a large number of stone figures, vaguely reminiscent of the statue of the era of the Aztec Empire. Today in the Valley of the statues found more than 500 giant statues of people, gods and animals. They are scattered in more than 20 places in the forest, completely overgrown with orchids, the valley of the river Magdalena. Carved stone figures look at the background of this landscape is bleak and aloof. Sculptures of gods and mythological characters made in different styles and date back to different centuries. The height of some reaches 6 meters. Since espansione fray Juan de Santa Gertrudis in 1794 first reported about these giants, historians and archaeologists wonder about their origin and age. Some believe that they originated in the VI century BC, others are inclined to a later Dating, relating these works to the culture, destroyed by the Incas shortly before the Spanish conquest, they have a certain resemblance with the famous stone idols of Easter island. Continue reading
The Museum “Archaeology, Ethnography and ecology of Siberia” of the Kemerovo state University begins its story since the 70’s, when Professor A. I. Martynov (head of. the Department of archaeology) and Professor T. N. Vagina (head the Department of Zoology) began to create the Metropolitan museums of archaeology and Zoology. Their work was crowned with success. In 1980, the museums were open. Presented in the Museum materials were collected by teachers and students of historical and biological faculties more than 30 years.
In 1997 the museums combined. Today the Museum is a major unit of the University, which has a library, a Photograph collection, an archive . restoration and taxidermy workshops, laboratory, office, storage, classrooms.
The Museum has more than 310 000 units. In addition to materials on archeology and Ethnography of southern Siberia, there are copies of petroglyphs of the Altai, Khakassia, Tuva, Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, osteological. paleontological, Zoological, entomological and ornithological collections.
With the collections of our Museum are schoolchildren. students, graduate students. scientists and leading specialists from different countries. The Museum funds and expositions are a training base for specialized courses and practical classes on the history of primitive society, Ethnography, museology and ecology I.
The Museum created a Board of leading specialists of the relevant branches of science under the leadership of Vice-rector of University Ph. D. Professor B. P. Nevzorova. The Museum holds archaeological, Museum practices, Museum staff are actively involved in the creation of scientific works, scientific-methodical recommendations. Actively implemented the program “Museum – school – the unified educational space” for use of the regional component of school curricula for history, geography, biology and ecology. In the halls of the Museum are the feasts of the presentation of scientific papers, exhibitions, conferences. Continue reading
Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s Continue reading