Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica. Continue reading
The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.
The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.
Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading
In Hunan province (southern China ) found the remains of ancient people who moved here from Africa 120 thousand years ago. It is the most ancient human remains in Eurasia. The article with the new study appeared in the journal Nature .
Previously it was believed that the first people in China were 80-100 thousand years ago, however, the findings in the cave of Fuyang, located in Hunan province, have changed scientists ‘ ideas.
In a cave a few dozen teeth and other remains, after analyzing which a group of anthropologists were surprised to find that before them the remains of the oldest Homo sapiens in Eurasia – they range in age from 80 to 120 thousand years. Thus Hunan and southern China is including the place for the first emergence and the further resettlement of Chinese on Chinese territory.
New evidence suggests that mankind has left the bounds of its “cradle” much earlier than we previously thought, approximately 40-70 thousand years more than previous estimates.
New discoveries of scientists also poses another question – why in China our ancestors appeared earlier than in Europe? Put forward the hypothesis that in Europe and the middle East prevented the CRO-magnons Neanderthals and the cold climate to which the CRO-magnons, came from Africa, were not adapted.
The Chinese and the Indians – one blood Continue reading