Thanks to continued this year to archaeological excavations in the territory of Armenia identified a lot of unique artifacts, evidence of ancient civilizations in our land. According to Armenian archaeologists, found in the regions of Armenia artifacts worthy of decorating the richest collections of such museums as the Hermitage and the Louvre.
Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Pavel Avetisyan believes this year the site plan has been successful and fruitful. He sobowale “archive” artifacts of Artashat . unique in that it was found during excavations stamps were dated to 3-4 century – the period of the Sassanids. “This year we found about 800 seals. In different parts of the settlement before that since the 70s, has uncovered such “archives” and found a huge number of similar seals, but all belonged to the end of the 2 1 century, i.e. to the pre-Christian period. The last artifacts is really new and very important facts,” – said the Director of the Institute.
According to Avetisyan, the seals were engraved portraits of kings and their names. “Now these seals are stored at the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography: they are cleared, they “work” specialists, after which they will be transferred to the Museum of history of Armenia,” he said.
Sensational printing pattern found in the ancient settlement of Aknashen. Here, archeologists discovered the residential layer, which dates to the 7th Millennium before Christ.
The artifacts found in the medieval capital of Armenia – Dvin – fragments of pottery, glass, may become a benchmark for the region. Excavations were conducted in the southern part of the hill, resulting in “open” kiln earlier period – the “iron” of a century with two air ducts. At the Western site is “open” is also part of the Arab walls of buildings, the Eastern section was occupied by burials and excavations ceased. Continue reading
The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.
The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.
Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading
In 1846 in the town of Griswold (Connecticut) one Horace ray died of tuberculosis. Over the next six years, his two adult sons also died from the same disease. And when two years later it was sick and the third son, relatives and friends of the family, ray was able to find only one logical explanation: the dead feed on the living, thereby killing them. In order to protect the remaining son, relatives dug up and burned bodies of suspected vampires.
This case is not unique. In 1874, for example, a desperate resident of Rhode island named William rose dug up the grave of his daughter and burned her heart.
This practice is excavation and incineration, as well as other attempts to suppress do not give to live quietly of the dead, was widespread in many Western countries until the early 20th century. People were certain the only way they can prevent the dead to suck the life out of living.
The remains of a woman 16th century with stone, hammered between the jaws, were found in 2006 in Italy Continue reading