About the archaeologists in documentary films about military archeology and the search work. According to him, military archaeologists know why the soldiers killed in the great Patriotic war, still are missing.
— Why in Russia is still successfully wielded “black diggers”?
— Actually no “black diggers” in the real world does not exist. “Black diggers” is just another myth invented by the media by the authorities. I do excavations since 1987 and never any “black diggers” are not met. In reality there are two main areas of excavation — “ancient times” and “war”. Those people who involved in the excavation of “war”, I am fond of search work and military archaeology.
The main difference of search work and military archaeology is to set targets. Search engines are searching for unburied remains of fallen soldiers, trying to establish their identity, soldiers found buried with military honors in mass graves. Military archeologist military and domestic artifacts of the war, to try to reconstruct the battle and military life, to correct mistakes and inaccuracies in time and again re-written to suit the next political regime of military history of our country. By and large, search engines, and military archaeologists do one thing. The difference is that search engines operate legally, and military archaeologists is illegal. Each military archaeologist has its own good reasons for not advertising it.
When illegal military archaeologists find burial or ammunition, what are their next steps?
— Accidentally finding the unburied remains of soldiers of the red army, military archaeologists do the same, as in this situation will do every normal person: is a temporary burial place, its coordinates and found the soldiers passed in a formal search patterns. Found weapons, ammunition, explosive items on their own are safe. Then it all goes to private collections or for sale. For many archaeologists sale found in expeditions trophies — the only way to make a living, especially in the Russian provinces, where it is difficult to find a permanent job. Continue reading
Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s Continue reading
A modern network of archaeological museums is quite complicated. They are United by a Committee of the International Council of museums (ICOM) museums of archaeology and history.
For the countries of southern and Central Europe is characterized by the establishment of museums at the site of the Greek and Roman cities, museums-reserves, national archaeological Museum: Syracuse, Sofia, etc.
Archaeological museums in Northern Europe is focused mainly on local archaeology, including medieval: the Viking Museum in Aarhus, and the Viking ship Museum in ROS-Kilda Denmark).
In Belgium, along with many specialised archaeological museums (Damme, Engin) and there are museums of industrial archaeology (Arstila).
In France, widespread museums in provincial cities (Auxerre, Babe, alençon, Liu-con, Noyon), museums dedicated to individual topics in archaeology: the Museum of prehistory aurignac, in the Museum of Egyptology in Lille, the Museum of Gallo-Roman civilization in Lyon, the Museum of underwater archaeology in Berck-sur-Mer. Continue reading