In the world there was always a lot of historical mysteries. Fortunately the answers to many of the questions were almost under our very nose, or rather underfoot. Archaeology has revealed to us the path of knowledge of our origins with the help of found artifacts, documents, and more. Still archaeologists are constantly digging up new prints of the past, revealing to us the truth.
Some archaeological discoveries just shocked the world. For example, the Rosetta stone by which scientists were able to translate many ancient texts. Discovered the Dead sea scrolls were vital for world religion, allowing you to confirm the texts of the Jewish Canon. To important finds include the tomb of king Tut and the discovery of Troy. Finding traces of Roman Pompeii opened to historians access to the knowledge of the ancient civilization.
Even today, when it seems that almost all science looks forward, the archaeologists still find ancient artifacts that can change our ideas about the past of the planet. Here are ten of the most influenced world history discoveries.
10. The mound There (1800’s)
The there is in Turkey. In fact, the discovery of this hill is the evidence of existence of Troy.For centuries, the Iliad of Continue reading
In September 1964, Professor B. F. Porshnev of the archaeologist-artist V. S. Orelkin arrived in the village of Tahini, to find the grave were Required. Interviewed the old-timers where she might be buried. The last descendant from the family of Geneva 79-year-old cannon told them they needed to dig under a pomegranate tree. At this time we had a downpour. Dug up a grave, removed the bones wet. But when the skull was reconstructed profile of a young dead woman, it became obvious that it was the grave of one long dead granddaughters Explained.
In October 1965 B. F. Porshnev, together with professors A. A. Mashkovtsev and M. G. Abdushelishvili again in Thine. This time started digging under the old quinces in the place where once again indicated the old man, Geneva. Again weather and again failed. During the excavation work damaged the front part of the skull. The study of the bones showed that the skeleton does not belong to Zane. Obviously, this bone Gamasy because they have a small but pronounced Neanderthal reject.
In the summer of 1971 continued the search for Igor Burtsev. In Sukhumi, he met a party of the former excavations Vladimir Sergeyevich Galkinym – historian, linguist, artist. He rendered great service by telling where the cemetery is located is also provided documents of previous excavations, in addition, put Burtsev at home. After receiving permission from the authorities on excavations at an abandoned family cemetery, started to work. Reasoning that her son had Ri pohoronena the grave of his mother, began a search for his grave. A meter away from her old discovered a long-forgotten grave. The grave was about two metres long. Continue reading
The cross is an ancient symbol of humanity, a magical sign known since pagan times. Images of the cross, discovered during archaeological excavations, belong to the earliest periods of the history of the Ancient East, Asia, Egypt, Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.
Archaeologists have established that the image of the Egyptian cross “Ankh”, symbolizing the notion “life”, there are more than six thousand years! For more than three thousand years of existence of Ancient Egypt Ankh — the key to eternal life — an indispensable attribute of the deity and the Pharaoh. The Romans, the creators of the Grand Empire on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, used a cross in the form of two crossed wooden beams for the punishment of rebels and criminals, and since the first century, on the cross, after being tortured, crucified Christians. The usual instrument of execution was called “Antoniev” T-shaped cross.
In the Christian era, the cross has taken on many different forms and deepest content. The very moment of Christ’s Crucifixion is interpreted by the Church as the beginning of a new history of man. “Since that time, — is told in “the Law of God,” in the world of human ideas and concepts, there was a complete coup. Cross, a former first instrument of agonizing pain, cruel homicide, to become the reliable support person. The way, the truth and the life begin with the cross,without which it is impossible to escape”.
Christian cross symbols the most extensively studied and expressed in the writings of the Russian historian A. S. Uvarov. He believed the earliest the image of the so-called acrobranche cross, found in the caves and catacombs of Rome and Gaul, where he was hiding everywhere persecuted the followers of the new faith in the III – IV centuries. Abiding in them, they probably won’t once consoled himself by reading the lines of Paul’s letter, which States that everyone has the opportunity “to take predlagayu hope (i.e. the cross) that the soul is like an anchor steadfast and sure.” Some ancient writers mention an X-shaped cross, also served the Romans for torture of prisoners. It ended his life, the Apostle Andrew, and later the Christians the cross was a sign that hid the name of the Lord. Continue reading