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Archaeological Park of San agustín

Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town of Popayan, on the banks of the Magdalena river. Park San Agustín. Included in the world Heritage list of UNESCO.

San agustín is located in 227 km from the capital of the Department Neiva. The population is about 30 000 people the city was Originally founded as a village in 1752 by Alejo the Spaniard Astudillo, but the Indians soon destroyed it. The modern village was founded in 1790 by Lucas de Erazo-and-Mandhana.

In the area found traces of one of the most interesting civilizations of the Western hemisphere. Not far from San Agustin, at an altitude of 1800 meters at the source of the Magdalena river, in the cave found a large number of stone figures, vaguely reminiscent of the statue of the era of the Aztec Empire. Today in the Valley of the statues found more than 500 giant statues of people, gods and animals. They are scattered in more than 20 places in the forest, completely overgrown with orchids, the valley of the river Magdalena. Carved stone figures look at the background of this landscape is bleak and aloof. Sculptures of gods and mythological characters made in different styles and date back to different centuries. The height of some reaches 6 meters. Since espansione fray Juan de Santa Gertrudis in 1794 first reported about these giants, historians and archaeologists wonder about their origin and age. Some believe that they originated in the VI century BC, others are inclined to a later Dating, relating these works to the culture, destroyed by the Incas shortly before the Spanish conquest, they have a certain resemblance with the famous stone idols of Easter island. Continue reading

A complex path of evolution

Geological research has convincingly shown that during the existence of Australopithecus the Earth’s climate became more dry, rain forests receded. Australopithecus lay in wait for the danger in open, treeless spaces. They needed to obtain food, including hunting. The lack of strong claws, teeth, adequate muscular strength has led to unique achievements, namely: the use of stone, sticks as tools and protection tools.

All in some way affected their evolution. As shown by the finds of parts of the skeletons of the Australopithecines are similar to man in structure of the several parts of the body. They moved on two legs. Over time they have adapted to changing environmental conditions.

So, the anthropoids, and fossil apes, in groups-herds, used the first tools: rocks, sticks for defense and obtaining food. But what food?

The materials of archaeological, geological and paleontological research in recent decades has shown that the Australopithecines used not only vegetable foods but also animals.

Hunting occupied a large place in the economy of the ancient people — it is an indisputable fact, but the premise of development as a form of practice originated and formed another prehuman stage of anthropogenesis. Predposlednyaya (omnivorous) originated from arboreal monkeys in the moment of transition, when they began to eat new kinds of plants growing on the ground, small animals, insects, perhaps, and the corpses of large animals and then to hunt with the stones that were originally used only in self-defense. Therefore, bone remains of animals, such as baboons, found along with the bones of Australopithecus, which bore traces of blows with blunt objects, they force you to change perspective on the nature of economic activities of the ancient hominid as a purely collecting economy. The predominance in the diet of human ancestors eating meat is a positive impact on the formation of the brain of higher fossil apes that had already been noted by F. Engels. Continue reading

The history of the Minoan frescoes.

Crete is not only warm sea, clean beaches, tasty food, nature and interesting traditions. Crete is a unique story of civilization, which is already for the ancient Greeks was a legend, written language which is still not fully deciphered, and about the causes of death which can only make assumptions. That’s about it, the English archaeologist sir Arthur Evans said: “I opened a civilization unlike any Greek or Roman” and was named after the legendary king Minos, the Minoan. Traces of the Minoan civilization on Crete can be found at every step. In almost every coastal village has its own Villa, or disposing of left over from that mysterious era. But the most significant monuments of the Minoan palaces. Four. And one of them is the Palace of Knossos – where as predpolagaet and dwelt the mythical Minotaur from the myth Theseus and Ariadne. This air propitannym secret and legends, are also worth a visit the island of the Minotaur. Crete has carried more than Three or the Parthenon. Treasures and monuments found during the excavations have not been looted or taken out of Greece. You can see in archeological museums in Crete, but the largest and one of the most important archaeological museums in Europe – the archaeological Museum of Iraklion. The Museum has a unique kollekcionirovanie art Minojskoj era, and the Museum is therefore rightly called a Museum of Minoan culture. In 2002 the Museum began a complete reconstruction. After 10 years of reconstruction, opened 2 permanent exhibition hall (the hall of sculpture and Minoan frescoes). The entrance to them is free. It is about the unique frescoes, fragments of which were found during excavation of villas and palaces on Crete will be discussed.

When it comes to the Knossos Palace, it is assumed that most of the Palace was decorated with frescoes depicting nature, animals, sacred rituals. For 3500 years, who studied with the time, survived not so much, but even on these fragments it is possible to get an idea looked like the Cretans of the age of Minos. Boy, prekrasny like a flower in the end of the year has to die to get back – “Prince with the lilies”. Continue reading

"Black diggers"
Two-week archaeological expedition of Mariupol state University conducted excavations of the mound in the Novoazovsk area. To find the real sources of the historical past of mankind the students prompted…

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The extinction of the Indians do not blame the conquistadors
Mass extinction of Indians in America in the seventeenth century is most likely connected with the activity of Catholic missionaries who began to preach vigorously in the New World in…

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ARCHAEOLOGISTS ARGUE AND DOUBT
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for…

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