Archaeologists are special people. They spend months on a dig in hopes of finding some artifact that would allow to lift the veil of secrecy over by the antiquity. And sometimes they succeed. In our review of 12 important archaeological discoveries that have allowed scientists to make a revolution in science.
1. The Baghdad battery
In 1936 in the suburbs of Baghdad discovered a mysterious 13-inch vessel through the neck (filled with bitumen) is held inside the iron rod. Inside the vessel was a copper cylinder, in which came the iron rod. Initially he was considered the world’s first battery of two thousand years ago. But now there was an assumption that in fact it was the vessel for the storage of scrolls.
2. Rosetta stone
Thanks to the Rosetta stone, archaeologists finally managed to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (the text on the stone was written in three languages: Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic and ancient Greek).
3. People from Graball
Thirty years of the man called “the Man from Grauballe” was found more than two thousand years after his death. Surprisingly well-preserved corpse was found in a peat bog in Denmark. Scientists believe that the man was killed in the 3rd century BC: holotrop was cut from ear to ear. Continue reading
Each of us at least by hearsay is familiar with the pyramids and the tombs of the pharaohs in Egypt.
However, many interesting discoveries in the history of archaeology and remained for us a mystery.
Some archeological finds are rarely mentioned in the books, despite the fact that they, indeed, represent very significant value for scientists and for science in General.
Interesting archaeological finds
1. L’anse AUX meadows (L’anse aux Meadows)
Presumably, this ancient village was built by Vikings and is considered the West their habitat. This unusual monument is of particular interest to scholars.
The fact that it was built 500 years before Columbus discovered North America, and this fact makes this finding are incredible.
According to archaeologists, the Vikings who settled in L’anse AUX meadows, came to this country from Greenland.
2. Sacsayhuaman (Saksaywaman)
The fortress is located outside of Cuzco, Peru – the former capital of the Inca Empire.
Giant breed of this highly complex connection installed so tightly together that even hundreds of years after their construction you can’t pass between them, nor even to pass through the sheet of paper. Continue reading
After the death of the animal begins the process of decomposition. Vultures and crows tear at the rotting flesh and entrails, flies and bacteria clear what’s left. The bones disintegrated in the sun and in the rain. So the once living being is nothing.
Sometimes, however, the remains can go to a place where they have a chance to be saved from destruction: to get into the river during the flood and quickly buried in the sand. In this case, the vultures won’t find them, and flies and bacteria won’t have access to the remains to destroy. Such cases are extremely rare — probably only one man for a few hundred years, managed to avoid decomposition. But this happens, and then the body gets a chance to become a fossil. The transformation into a fossil, fossilization, occurs in several different ways. In very rare, special cases, the body of the animal can be maintained with no change. We learned this by watching mammoths buried in frozen silt in the glacial period, and insects, drowned in the resin that oozed from ancient pine trees. These insects are preserved when the resin
turned into a land in amber. Dinosaurs could not harden in this way, because they were extinct long before the ice age and could not climb trees.
In other unique cases, only parts of creatures can survive, but they survived without any obosobi changes. The bones of the ice age mammals have been found in natural asphalt lakes-traps in Los Angeles, USA. But shark teeth are often found in tertiary marine sediments. Preserved in this way remains relatively young in geological terms, but this ability to survive is again incredible for dinosaurs.
Even in cases where animal or plant quickly petrify and stored, geological changes in rocks can destroy the original lifetime of the substance. However, in the dust becomes not all. The leaves and branches of ferns are sometimes retained as a thin black film of pure carbon while all other chemical substances and compounds have been washed from the rock. Plants, of course, can be stored in this way, but. not dinosaurs. Continue reading