The cross is an ancient symbol of humanity, a magical sign known since pagan times. Images of the cross, discovered during archaeological excavations, belong to the earliest periods of the history of the Ancient East, Asia, Egypt, Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.
Archaeologists have established that the image of the Egyptian cross “Ankh”, symbolizing the notion “life”, there are more than six thousand years! For more than three thousand years of existence of Ancient Egypt Ankh — the key to eternal life — an indispensable attribute of the deity and the Pharaoh. The Romans, the creators of the Grand Empire on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, used a cross in the form of two crossed wooden beams for the punishment of rebels and criminals, and since the first century, on the cross, after being tortured, crucified Christians. The usual instrument of execution was called “Antoniev” T-shaped cross.
In the Christian era, the cross has taken on many different forms and deepest content. The very moment of Christ’s Crucifixion is interpreted by the Church as the beginning of a new history of man. “Since that time, — is told in “the Law of God,” in the world of human ideas and concepts, there was a complete coup. Cross, a former first instrument of agonizing pain, cruel homicide, to become the reliable support person. The way, the truth and the life begin with the cross,without which it is impossible to escape”.
Christian cross symbols the most extensively studied and expressed in the writings of the Russian historian A. S. Uvarov. He believed the earliest the image of the so-called acrobranche cross, found in the caves and catacombs of Rome and Gaul, where he was hiding everywhere persecuted the followers of the new faith in the III – IV centuries. Abiding in them, they probably won’t once consoled himself by reading the lines of Paul’s letter, which States that everyone has the opportunity “to take predlagayu hope (i.e. the cross) that the soul is like an anchor steadfast and sure.” Some ancient writers mention an X-shaped cross, also served the Romans for torture of prisoners. It ended his life, the Apostle Andrew, and later the Christians the cross was a sign that hid the name of the Lord. Continue reading
Black archeologists are not translated in the Autumn of last year in Lviv a lot of noise caused posted in the Internet information about the sale on the black market archive of the UPA.
In the autumn of last year in Lviv a lot of noise caused posted in the Internet information about the sale on the black market archive of the UPA. Found black archeologists. in search of heavy equipment during the Second world war were digging Lipaevsky forest near the city. Not an isolated case. The region is actively working whole group of diggers. Come not only from Ukraine but also from Russia and Poland. Most of them are interested in the graves of German soldiers.
According to associate Professor of the Department of archaeology of Lviv national University. Franko Yaroslav Onishchuk, the region is like a magnet for black diggers. In my time here has been extremely tumultuous events of the First and Second world wars. Its territory is rich in archaeological sites, because the region is located in the watershed of the Black and Baltic seas, where ancient settlements. Accordingly, the traces of material and spiritual culture.
The greatest evil that the diggers destroy the monuments of archeology, defile graves and burials, depriving society of contact with ancient history.Taken out of context findings have no value for historians. Even the jewelry or the coins of the Roman Empire did not in themselves represent any value for scientists and researchers. Continue reading