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Ancient Tanais (Rostov region)

Few people know that on the territory of Rostov region is true… Greek city! More precisely its excavations, what was left of it. The city of Tanais (Greek Tape and Tape), founded in the early 3rd century BC by the Greeks from the Bosporan Kingdom. The town played an important role in the development of trade by sea.

Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region

Who has not lived on this earth: the Scythians, the Amazons, the Greeks, the Venetians, the Polovtsian tribes and of course we, Russians.But, everything in order.

A little more than a couple of millennia ago, judging by the notes, Greco-Roman historians, on the don land inhabited by beautiful Amazons. They tilled the soil, and when it was time of war — take up arms. In order to freely own weapons, poor women even burned their right breast (to make it easier to throw a spear). In those days the river don was called Amazonia. One day, Amazon Lizippa and warrior Barossa was born the son of Tanais. The boy grew up and turned into a beautiful ,young man with impeccably owned weapons and different martial arts. To devote his life to the military art Tanais took chastity. Meanwhile, the goddess of love, Venus, fell in love with a young boy. It — zero attention. Wounded goddess punished Tanais love for his mother. The guy failed the test, and threw himself from a high hill into the river. Since then, the river was named “Tanais”. And then, in the name of the river, and called the City.

So, one Sunny summer day by car from Rostov-on-don, we went to the adventure “back in time”. Narrow highway Rostov-Taganrog, poplar along roads and hot, hot..Not far from the city of Taganrog turned the direction of Tanais, which is impossible to pass. Continue reading

A modern network of archaeological museums

A modern network of archaeological museums is quite complicated. They are United by a Committee of the International Council of museums (ICOM) museums of archaeology and history.

For the countries of southern and Central Europe is characterized by the establishment of museums at the site of the Greek and Roman cities, museums-reserves, national archaeological Museum: Syracuse, Sofia, etc.

Archaeological museums in Northern Europe is focused mainly on local archaeology, including medieval: the Viking Museum in Aarhus, and the Viking ship Museum in ROS-Kilda Denmark).

In Belgium, along with many specialised archaeological museums (Damme, Engin) and there are museums of industrial archaeology (Arstila).

In France, widespread museums in provincial cities (Auxerre, Babe, alençon, Liu-con, Noyon), museums dedicated to individual topics in archaeology: the Museum of prehistory aurignac, in the Museum of Egyptology in Lille, the Museum of Gallo-Roman civilization in Lyon, the Museum of underwater archaeology in Berck-sur-Mer. Continue reading

In Siberia, archaeologists stumbled

Novosibirsk archaeologists stumbled upon the mass grave of the early Neolithic. The artifacts that they found there, put more questions than gave answers. The purpose of the matters specialists is unclear. Nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found. In addition to the bone knife, the exact analogue of which has already been detected. However, in the Baltic States, thousands of kilometers to the West. In Vengerovskiy district of the Novosibirsk region employees of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences unearthed a bronze age settlement and unexpectedly stumbled upon a much more ancient burials belonging to the Neolithic period. The amazing thing is that they were a kind of communal graves in total, were found the remains of 28 people. Now scientists are wondering what he’s talking about this find. According to one version, already in the stone age on the territory from Eastern Europe to Western Siberia, there lived a people. On the other — between these regions and in ancient times had close trade links. Novosibirsk archeologists have made a discovery, which they describe in two words — “fantastically lucky”.

Found in Vengerovskiy district archaeological sites — mounds of the early Neolithic. Their age is estimated at approximately 8 thousand years — these results were based on radiocarbon analysis. Soobshcheniya that they used, absolutely unique, not found anywhere else. In the center of one of the graves buried the woman half-sitting, in hands at which was a large stone plate. This Central grave surrounded by a discontinuous ditch, which, like layer cake, lie the remains of 19 people. In another grave was found the remains of nine people. One of buried in “mass graves” — the child. Under his polished skull was found on all sides of a rectangular stone plate the size of an iPhone, is decorated with notches around the perimeter. What is this artifact and what was its purpose, and scientists don’t know yet and even do not realize. The thing is that nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found.

This is an absolutely wonderful find. However, it is unclear what is its functional purpose. Perhaps it’s an ancient calendar. Or something else. Analogues of this subject in the other burials have not yet met, and to say exactly what it is, we can’t. Continue reading

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