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Archaeological finds: war is the natural state of man

The other day Kenyan military base in Somalia was attacked by militants of the Islamist group “Shabab”. At the time of the attack, Kenyan soldiers were sound asleep, and it was expensive. Dozens of soldiers and opened her eyes. As the Kenyan member of Parliament Yusuf Hassan, “It was a shock. We don’t Burundi, Ethiopia we don’t, we are not Uganda. Our country has no history of wars. With us this never happened”. It was at this same time, in the lagoon on the shores of lake Turkana in the Kenyan expedition of archaeologists tried to prove the opposite. She found traces of the massacre, which happened approximately 10,000 years ago – before people began to engage in agriculture.

Apparently, one group of hunters attacked another group and were brutally murdered her. Talked about broken skulls, said arrows and spears in the skeletons.

Last Wednesday the journal “Nature” published a report by scientists. It States that from 12 found the bodies of those killed 10 were with traces of explicit violence. In addition, they discovered the bodies of 15 people killed in the same battle. Remains found in Northern Kenya on the shores of the lake, talking about the cruelty of the massacre. So one warrior stuck two arrows, which pierced his skull, and his knees were broken with maces. A woman was found pregnant in sixth month, killed by a blow to the head, perhaps bound his hands before he died.

Violence has always been present in people’s lives. But when it began to develop into war? This question is hotly debated in science. Some scholars argue that war is deeply rooted in human evolution. As evidence they point to the fights between different tribes of chimpanzees. Others stress the influence of complex and hierarchical human societies and the raids on the warehouses of the fruit farming.

March Mirazon Lahr and Robert Foley from Cambridge University and Turkana basin Institute in Kenya’s capital Nairobi, and a group of other scientists, came to the conclusion, reported in “Nature”: was found near the shores of lake Turkana indicate the existence of wars between prehistoric hunting tribes. Continue reading

The most important discoveries in the field of prehistoric archaeology

The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.

The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.

Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading

The Mysteries Of The “Ahnenerbe”.

“PANOPTICON” Vladimir Melikov, owner of one of the restaurants in the Republic of Adygea, can safely be called a treasure trove of history. Many of his exhibits millions of years. Recently, the Museum added several very important findings, which the inhabitants of the Republic in the area of the natural Park of Big Thach.

The first finding is a small grey box with a brown leather handle. The first riddle: on the cover – the emblem of the Ahnenerbe. It is known that the “Ahnenerbe” – it was an organization that existed in Germany in the years 1935-1945. It was created to study the traditions, history and heritage of the German race for the purpose of occult-ideological functioning of the state machinery of the Third Reich. President of the “Ahnenerbe” was none other than Heinrich Himmler.

However, the judgement of the Nuremberg court in 1945, the “Ahnenerbe” was recognized as a criminal organization and disbanded.

That in early 1941 did experts, archaeologists and ethnographers of the occult organization “the Heritage of ancestors”, or “German society for the study of ancient German history and heritage of ancestors” (the meaning of the “Ahnenerbe” – ed.) in the mountains of Adygea?

Another mystery is the name on the side of the box. The inscription “Besonder bekl.” – viennoiserie, which fully translates as “Besonder bekleidung”, which means “special clothes”.

In addition, in this same area were found an empty bottle of schnapps, balm, fork made of titanium and a dry box of matches, even now ready to eat.

Still from the same area in the Museum got a first aid kit of a German soldier – soldier mountain division “Edelweiss”, which was carved from the mountains of the Caucasus in 1942 Continue reading

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