Fossils called the fossil remains of plants and animals. Many of them played a major role in folk beliefs and traditions, which provide fossils of magical and medicinal properties. Without fossils all our knowledge about past life on Earth was limited to the period of the last few millennia. To determine which animals lived on our planet in the distant past, they were the shape and size and in what time disappeared, modern science uses left their footprints: footprints and fossils found in the ice and rocks, a kind of negative of the flora and fauna of days gone by. Among the fossils come across startling instances, the beauty of which is staggering. No wonder our ancestors endowed them with magical properties. One of the most famous fossils are Ammonites, cephalopod molluscs with a spiral shell that lived until the Cretaceous, the size of which varied from two inches to nearly two meters. Worthy of mention and the ancestors of the belemnites squid living in the waters of the seas of the Mesozoic. Instead of suction cups of their tentacles are equipped with hooks, and a tapered tail carried the sink, which has reached our days in the form of fossils. It is now more than 200 million years from the moment when the Earth disappeared trilobites, primitive arthropods insects of the Paleozoic era, their fossils so far found in rocks. Another type of fossil molluscs — bokordici related to the order of plastinchatousykh. Their fossils have the shape of a heart and very beautiful. Many civilizations believed Ammonites powerful amulet and gave them supernatural properties.
Some fossils correspond to the organisms that existed in the prehistoric period and surviving, like molluscs, known in Menorca called “eyes of fortune”.
Protection and luck
Hindus believed that the Ammonites and the sacred in them lives the spirit of Vishnu, whose light illuminates the way of the warriors, guiding them to victory. In the Middle ages European peasants have hung sink in the barn to protect the animals from evil spells, and not to give cow’s milk to turn sour. Today these fossils are used as talismans, giving their owners peace of mind and ability to handle difficult situations. Continue reading
One of the most remarkable and long-known monuments in the territory of Nakhodka is a settlement on the hill Scoltock. This settlement was discovered long ago, back in 1960-m to year, however, his study still no one did. The monument is located at the entrance to the city on the hill “Soldotna” about 25 meters in height, with steep slopes and a flat top. The slopes of the hills on its Northern, more gentle side, cut terrace-like platforms, made by cutting into the slope of one side of the terrace. All terraces counted about 10.
On the slopes and the top of the hill can be traced the numerous traces of unauthorized excavations, produced by local students – all terraces of the settlement violated pits and trenches. In the course of exploration in 2000 were also collected rich material of ceramic and stone tools: polished arrowheads, fragment of retouched obsidian tip, half a polished stone knife, stone hammers, flakes and chips, provincializing spindles, many fragments of pottery with ornamentation. The collected material has allowed to allocate in the settlement the presence of three layers: Neolithic (zaisanovka archaeological culture); early iron age (ansca archaeological culture); early middle ages (Mohe).
Another archaeological monument is a rock Bakhirev, which is located on a small rocky promontory jutting out into the sea from the main massif of Cape Astafeva. With the mainland Bakhirev Rock connected by a narrow isthmus of shingle embankment
The settlement was discovered during a campaign – intelligence in February 2003. The surface of the earth was covered with snow, but in some areas the snow has melted or been blown away by the wind, which helped to gather a small collection of lifting material. Continue reading
Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town of Popayan, on the banks of the Magdalena river. Park San Agustín. Included in the world Heritage list of UNESCO.
San agustín is located in 227 km from the capital of the Department Neiva. The population is about 30 000 people the city was Originally founded as a village in 1752 by Alejo the Spaniard Astudillo, but the Indians soon destroyed it. The modern village was founded in 1790 by Lucas de Erazo-and-Mandhana.
In the area found traces of one of the most interesting civilizations of the Western hemisphere. Not far from San Agustin, at an altitude of 1800 meters at the source of the Magdalena river, in the cave found a large number of stone figures, vaguely reminiscent of the statue of the era of the Aztec Empire. Today in the Valley of the statues found more than 500 giant statues of people, gods and animals. They are scattered in more than 20 places in the forest, completely overgrown with orchids, the valley of the river Magdalena. Carved stone figures look at the background of this landscape is bleak and aloof. Sculptures of gods and mythological characters made in different styles and date back to different centuries. The height of some reaches 6 meters. Since espansione fray Juan de Santa Gertrudis in 1794 first reported about these giants, historians and archaeologists wonder about their origin and age. Some believe that they originated in the VI century BC, others are inclined to a later Dating, relating these works to the culture, destroyed by the Incas shortly before the Spanish conquest, they have a certain resemblance with the famous stone idols of Easter island. Continue reading