Fossils called the fossil remains of plants and animals. Many of them played a major role in folk beliefs and traditions, which provide fossils of magical and medicinal properties. Without fossils all our knowledge about past life on Earth was limited to the period of the last few millennia. To determine which animals lived on our planet in the distant past, they were the shape and size and in what time disappeared, modern science uses left their footprints: footprints and fossils found in the ice and rocks, a kind of negative of the flora and fauna of days gone by. Among the fossils come across startling instances, the beauty of which is staggering. No wonder our ancestors endowed them with magical properties. One of the most famous fossils are Ammonites, cephalopod molluscs with a spiral shell that lived until the Cretaceous, the size of which varied from two inches to nearly two meters. Worthy of mention and the ancestors of the belemnites squid living in the waters of the seas of the Mesozoic. Instead of suction cups of their tentacles are equipped with hooks, and a tapered tail carried the sink, which has reached our days in the form of fossils. It is now more than 200 million years from the moment when the Earth disappeared trilobites, primitive arthropods insects of the Paleozoic era, their fossils so far found in rocks. Another type of fossil molluscs — bokordici related to the order of plastinchatousykh. Their fossils have the shape of a heart and very beautiful. Many civilizations believed Ammonites powerful amulet and gave them supernatural properties.
Some fossils correspond to the organisms that existed in the prehistoric period and surviving, like molluscs, known in Menorca called “eyes of fortune”.
Protection and luck
Hindus believed that the Ammonites and the sacred in them lives the spirit of Vishnu, whose light illuminates the way of the warriors, guiding them to victory. In the Middle ages European peasants have hung sink in the barn to protect the animals from evil spells, and not to give cow’s milk to turn sour. Today these fossils are used as talismans, giving their owners peace of mind and ability to handle difficult situations. Continue reading
Archaeologists are special people. They spend months on a dig in hopes of finding some artifact that would allow to lift the veil of secrecy over by the antiquity. And sometimes they succeed. In our review of 12 important archaeological discoveries that have allowed scientists to make a revolution in science.
1. The Baghdad battery
In 1936 in the suburbs of Baghdad discovered a mysterious 13-inch vessel through the neck (filled with bitumen) is held inside the iron rod. Inside the vessel was a copper cylinder, in which came the iron rod. Initially he was considered the world’s first battery of two thousand years ago. But now there was an assumption that in fact it was the vessel for the storage of scrolls.
2. Rosetta stone
Thanks to the Rosetta stone, archaeologists finally managed to decipher Egyptian hieroglyphics (the text on the stone was written in three languages: Egyptian hieroglyphs, demotic and ancient Greek).
3. People from Graball
Thirty years of the man called “the Man from Grauballe” was found more than two thousand years after his death. Surprisingly well-preserved corpse was found in a peat bog in Denmark. Scientists believe that the man was killed in the 3rd century BC: holotrop was cut from ear to ear. Continue reading
About the archaeologists in documentary films about military archeology and the search work. According to him, military archaeologists know why the soldiers killed in the great Patriotic war, still are missing.
— Why in Russia is still successfully wielded “black diggers”?
— Actually no “black diggers” in the real world does not exist. “Black diggers” is just another myth invented by the media by the authorities. I do excavations since 1987 and never any “black diggers” are not met. In reality there are two main areas of excavation — “ancient times” and “war”. Those people who involved in the excavation of “war”, I am fond of search work and military archaeology.
The main difference of search work and military archaeology is to set targets. Search engines are searching for unburied remains of fallen soldiers, trying to establish their identity, soldiers found buried with military honors in mass graves. Military archeologist military and domestic artifacts of the war, to try to reconstruct the battle and military life, to correct mistakes and inaccuracies in time and again re-written to suit the next political regime of military history of our country. By and large, search engines, and military archaeologists do one thing. The difference is that search engines operate legally, and military archaeologists is illegal. Each military archaeologist has its own good reasons for not advertising it.
When illegal military archaeologists find burial or ammunition, what are their next steps?
— Accidentally finding the unburied remains of soldiers of the red army, military archaeologists do the same, as in this situation will do every normal person: is a temporary burial place, its coordinates and found the soldiers passed in a formal search patterns. Found weapons, ammunition, explosive items on their own are safe. Then it all goes to private collections or for sale. For many archaeologists sale found in expeditions trophies — the only way to make a living, especially in the Russian provinces, where it is difficult to find a permanent job. Continue reading