Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town of Popayan, on the banks of the Magdalena river. Park San Agustín. Included in the world Heritage list of UNESCO.
San agustín is located in 227 km from the capital of the Department Neiva. The population is about 30 000 people the city was Originally founded as a village in 1752 by Alejo the Spaniard Astudillo, but the Indians soon destroyed it. The modern village was founded in 1790 by Lucas de Erazo-and-Mandhana.
In the area found traces of one of the most interesting civilizations of the Western hemisphere. Not far from San Agustin, at an altitude of 1800 meters at the source of the Magdalena river, in the cave found a large number of stone figures, vaguely reminiscent of the statue of the era of the Aztec Empire. Today in the Valley of the statues found more than 500 giant statues of people, gods and animals. They are scattered in more than 20 places in the forest, completely overgrown with orchids, the valley of the river Magdalena. Carved stone figures look at the background of this landscape is bleak and aloof. Sculptures of gods and mythological characters made in different styles and date back to different centuries. The height of some reaches 6 meters. Since espansione fray Juan de Santa Gertrudis in 1794 first reported about these giants, historians and archaeologists wonder about their origin and age. Some believe that they originated in the VI century BC, others are inclined to a later Dating, relating these works to the culture, destroyed by the Incas shortly before the Spanish conquest, they have a certain resemblance with the famous stone idols of Easter island. Continue reading
Stone grave — hi from antiquity. Wonderful region — the Azov steppe! Here, as in planetary chronicle, lists all milestones in the history of the Earth — everywhere geological monuments, ancient burial mounds, stone images, traces of an ancient settlement. Among these stands out “stone island” with a height of about 12 meters and a length of more than 20 — Stone Tomb.
The stone Grave is located 2 km from the village of Patience Melitopol district of Zaporozhye region and is a heap of stones covering about 3,000 square meters, height of 12 meters. The pile is shaped like a mound (in Ukrainian grave), hence the name. Stone grave at first, probably, was a Sandstone shallow Sarmatian sea, the only way out of Sandstone in the whole Azov-black sea basin, which makes it a unique geological formation. After leaving the water the former Sarmatian sea shallow, sandy left the array, the top of which (presumably due to the influence of iron lateritic loam) turned into solid Sandstone. This array of Sandstone 240 on 160 meters on top of the fine sand was in the path of the old riverbed of the Breast and for a long time (up to the shallowing of the river and displacement of the riverbed to the West) remained the island in the river. As a result water and air erosion, the Sandstone massif much ass and gradually rasolomanana many pieces. Currently Stone Tomb is a sandy hill, covered with large stones. Among heaps of stones, many natural cavities — caves, passages and the like.
The first researcher who mentioned the Stone tomb, was N. And. Veselovsky. Digging out a nearby Stone Graves in 1889 the mound, the archeologist went to the village of Patience “to check rumours”. Veselovsky found a “stone mound”, suggested that this artificial construction, in 1890 excavated several caves, but not finding any treasure or burial, became disillusioned and stopped working, leaving only a small short Entry on the Grave Stone. Continue reading
Novosibirsk archaeologists stumbled upon the mass grave of the early Neolithic. The artifacts that they found there, put more questions than gave answers. The purpose of the matters specialists is unclear. Nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found. In addition to the bone knife, the exact analogue of which has already been detected. However, in the Baltic States, thousands of kilometers to the West. In Vengerovskiy district of the Novosibirsk region employees of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography of the Siberian branch of the Russian Academy of Sciences unearthed a bronze age settlement and unexpectedly stumbled upon a much more ancient burials belonging to the Neolithic period. The amazing thing is that they were a kind of communal graves in total, were found the remains of 28 people. Now scientists are wondering what he’s talking about this find. According to one version, already in the stone age on the territory from Eastern Europe to Western Siberia, there lived a people. On the other — between these regions and in ancient times had close trade links. Novosibirsk archeologists have made a discovery, which they describe in two words — “fantastically lucky”.
Found in Vengerovskiy district archaeological sites — mounds of the early Neolithic. Their age is estimated at approximately 8 thousand years — these results were based on radiocarbon analysis. Soobshcheniya that they used, absolutely unique, not found anywhere else. In the center of one of the graves buried the woman half-sitting, in hands at which was a large stone plate. This Central grave surrounded by a discontinuous ditch, which, like layer cake, lie the remains of 19 people. In another grave was found the remains of nine people. One of buried in “mass graves” — the child. Under his polished skull was found on all sides of a rectangular stone plate the size of an iPhone, is decorated with notches around the perimeter. What is this artifact and what was its purpose, and scientists don’t know yet and even do not realize. The thing is that nothing of the kind archaeologists have not found.
This is an absolutely wonderful find. However, it is unclear what is its functional purpose. Perhaps it’s an ancient calendar. Or something else. Analogues of this subject in the other burials have not yet met, and to say exactly what it is, we can’t. Continue reading