A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.
The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.
The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.
Twisted family tree
Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers. thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica. Continue reading
Each of us at least by hearsay is familiar with the pyramids and the tombs of the pharaohs in Egypt.
However, many interesting discoveries in the history of archaeology and remained for us a mystery.
Some archeological finds are rarely mentioned in the books, despite the fact that they, indeed, represent very significant value for scientists and for science in General.
Interesting archaeological finds
1. L’anse AUX meadows (L’anse aux Meadows)
Presumably, this ancient village was built by Vikings and is considered the West their habitat. This unusual monument is of particular interest to scholars.
The fact that it was built 500 years before Columbus discovered North America, and this fact makes this finding are incredible.
According to archaeologists, the Vikings who settled in L’anse AUX meadows, came to this country from Greenland.
2. Sacsayhuaman (Saksaywaman)
The fortress is located outside of Cuzco, Peru – the former capital of the Inca Empire.
Giant breed of this highly complex connection installed so tightly together that even hundreds of years after their construction you can’t pass between them, nor even to pass through the sheet of paper. Continue reading