The great Patriotic war has left thousands of material evidence of the bitter and terrible events, all included in the memory of the people. The land for almost 69 years keeps these “treasures”, time, time showing them to the world. During the excavation of the German bunkers and trenches, a variety of engineering obstacles are interesting little things. Site that remember those terrible events that span thousands of kilometers. Archaeological excavations in Russia are conducted by pathfinders that meet various interests: from scientific, historical, to materialistic, narrow-minded. In the process, they seek to find evidence of life (both household and military) of the Soviet troops and enemy troops.
Excavations in the Tula region
Of great interest to archaeologists of any type (“white”, “gray”, “black”) represent the objects of everyday life of soldiers, uniforms and firearms. Near the village of Kamenskoe excavations of the German dugouts. And this work has yielded good fruit in the form of valuable exhibits, which settled in the district Museum. On the territory of this township was held the offensive two rifle divisions of the enemy – 113 and 338. A detachment of “Patriots” was found near artillery positions weight bullet casings and guns. During excavations, archaeologists remarkableness were surprised to see not far from the surface they found a bottle of cognac (“Hennessy”), which is not easy preserved, but preserved all the contents in excellent condition. There were found some items of ammunition in good condition: helmet, gas mask, shells, and other equipment. They were transferred to the Museum. Continue reading
The cross is an ancient symbol of humanity, a magical sign known since pagan times. Images of the cross, discovered during archaeological excavations, belong to the earliest periods of the history of the Ancient East, Asia, Egypt, Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.
Archaeologists have established that the image of the Egyptian cross “Ankh”, symbolizing the notion “life”, there are more than six thousand years! For more than three thousand years of existence of Ancient Egypt Ankh — the key to eternal life — an indispensable attribute of the deity and the Pharaoh. The Romans, the creators of the Grand Empire on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, used a cross in the form of two crossed wooden beams for the punishment of rebels and criminals, and since the first century, on the cross, after being tortured, crucified Christians. The usual instrument of execution was called “Antoniev” T-shaped cross.
In the Christian era, the cross has taken on many different forms and deepest content. The very moment of Christ’s Crucifixion is interpreted by the Church as the beginning of a new history of man. “Since that time, — is told in “the Law of God,” in the world of human ideas and concepts, there was a complete coup. Cross, a former first instrument of agonizing pain, cruel homicide, to become the reliable support person. The way, the truth and the life begin with the cross,without which it is impossible to escape”.
Christian cross symbols the most extensively studied and expressed in the writings of the Russian historian A. S. Uvarov. He believed the earliest the image of the so-called acrobranche cross, found in the caves and catacombs of Rome and Gaul, where he was hiding everywhere persecuted the followers of the new faith in the III – IV centuries. Abiding in them, they probably won’t once consoled himself by reading the lines of Paul’s letter, which States that everyone has the opportunity “to take predlagayu hope (i.e. the cross) that the soul is like an anchor steadfast and sure.” Some ancient writers mention an X-shaped cross, also served the Romans for torture of prisoners. It ended his life, the Apostle Andrew, and later the Christians the cross was a sign that hid the name of the Lord. Continue reading
“PANOPTICON” Vladimir Melikov, owner of one of the restaurants in the Republic of Adygea, can safely be called a treasure trove of history. Many of his exhibits millions of years. Recently, the Museum added several very important findings, which the inhabitants of the Republic in the area of the natural Park of Big Thach.
The first finding is a small grey box with a brown leather handle. The first riddle: on the cover – the emblem of the Ahnenerbe. It is known that the “Ahnenerbe” – it was an organization that existed in Germany in the years 1935-1945. It was created to study the traditions, history and heritage of the German race for the purpose of occult-ideological functioning of the state machinery of the Third Reich. President of the “Ahnenerbe” was none other than Heinrich Himmler.
However, the judgement of the Nuremberg court in 1945, the “Ahnenerbe” was recognized as a criminal organization and disbanded.
That in early 1941 did experts, archaeologists and ethnographers of the occult organization “the Heritage of ancestors”, or “German society for the study of ancient German history and heritage of ancestors” (the meaning of the “Ahnenerbe” – ed.) in the mountains of Adygea?
Another mystery is the name on the side of the box. The inscription “Besonder bekl.” – viennoiserie, which fully translates as “Besonder bekleidung”, which means “special clothes”.
In addition, in this same area were found an empty bottle of schnapps, balm, fork made of titanium and a dry box of matches, even now ready to eat.
Still from the same area in the Museum got a first aid kit of a German soldier – soldier mountain division “Edelweiss”, which was carved from the mountains of the Caucasus in 1942 Continue reading