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No black diggers don’t exist

About the archaeologists in documentary films about military archeology and the search work. According to him, military archaeologists know why the soldiers killed in the great Patriotic war, still are missing.

— Why in Russia is still successfully wielded “black diggers”?

— Actually no “black diggers” in the real world does not exist. “Black diggers” is just another myth invented by the media by the authorities. I do excavations since 1987 and never any “black diggers” are not met. In reality there are two main areas of excavation — “ancient times” and “war”. Those people who involved in the excavation of “war”, I am fond of search work and military archaeology.

The main difference of search work and military archaeology is to set targets. Search engines are searching for unburied remains of fallen soldiers, trying to establish their identity, soldiers found buried with military honors in mass graves. Military archeologist military and domestic artifacts of the war, to try to reconstruct the battle and military life, to correct mistakes and inaccuracies in time and again re-written to suit the next political regime of military history of our country. By and large, search engines, and military archaeologists do one thing. The difference is that search engines operate legally, and military archaeologists is illegal. Each military archaeologist has its own good reasons for not advertising it.

When illegal military archaeologists find burial or ammunition, what are their next steps?

— Accidentally finding the unburied remains of soldiers of the red army, military archaeologists do the same, as in this situation will do every normal person: is a temporary burial place, its coordinates and found the soldiers passed in a formal search patterns. Found weapons, ammunition, explosive items on their own are safe. Then it all goes to private collections or for sale. For many archaeologists sale found in expeditions trophies — the only way to make a living, especially in the Russian provinces, where it is difficult to find a permanent job. Continue reading

A complex path of evolution

Geological research has convincingly shown that during the existence of Australopithecus the Earth’s climate became more dry, rain forests receded. Australopithecus lay in wait for the danger in open, treeless spaces. They needed to obtain food, including hunting. The lack of strong claws, teeth, adequate muscular strength has led to unique achievements, namely: the use of stone, sticks as tools and protection tools.

All in some way affected their evolution. As shown by the finds of parts of the skeletons of the Australopithecines are similar to man in structure of the several parts of the body. They moved on two legs. Over time they have adapted to changing environmental conditions.

So, the anthropoids, and fossil apes, in groups-herds, used the first tools: rocks, sticks for defense and obtaining food. But what food?

The materials of archaeological, geological and paleontological research in recent decades has shown that the Australopithecines used not only vegetable foods but also animals.

Hunting occupied a large place in the economy of the ancient people — it is an indisputable fact, but the premise of development as a form of practice originated and formed another prehuman stage of anthropogenesis. Predposlednyaya (omnivorous) originated from arboreal monkeys in the moment of transition, when they began to eat new kinds of plants growing on the ground, small animals, insects, perhaps, and the corpses of large animals and then to hunt with the stones that were originally used only in self-defense. Therefore, bone remains of animals, such as baboons, found along with the bones of Australopithecus, which bore traces of blows with blunt objects, they force you to change perspective on the nature of economic activities of the ancient hominid as a purely collecting economy. The predominance in the diet of human ancestors eating meat is a positive impact on the formation of the brain of higher fossil apes that had already been noted by F. Engels. Continue reading

Russia has sentenced black archaeologists

Sentenced a group of “black diggers” who were engaged in illegal search and seizure of historical artifacts, announced yesterday the Supreme court RT. According to the FSB Directorate for Tatarstan, a criminal case on the fact of such crimes, and sentencing is Russia’s precedent.

The buffs were detained in July 2014 on the territory of the archaeological monument “Kyzyl-Alinskoe (Novoaleksandrovskaya) settlement” in the Chistopol region of Tatarstan. On the spot they seized 54 archaeological object which the examination was carried subsequently to the X – first half XVI centuries, including coins and jewelry, representing historical, scientific, artistic and cultural value.

The organizers of the group was the 31-year-old previously convicted of drug Manager of one of the Kazan LLC Andrey Nectarin and his friend, 38-the summer anywhere not working inhabitant of Chistopol Ilya Polacken. Both of them, though, and had no higher education, but was fond of history, more precisely, applied to archaeology. I studied the special literature, archaeological maps, interacting on online forums and hunters, armed with special knowledge, looking for areas containing cultural layer, and place of occurrence of antiquities.

In 2014 hounestly met a professional archaeologist, a graduate of Kazan University H. who also used to be fond of treasure, but learn that for some time this hobby has become a criminal offence, threw him. However, for a fee H. agreed to look for new friend areas in Tatarstan, the cultural layer which potentially contains historical value. Note that in order to officially conduct the excavations in such places, you need to get in the RT Ministry of culture special permission – the “open sheet”. But this is a very complicated procedure, and most importantly, found during surveys valuable items have to refer to the Museum Fund. And this is in the plans of black archaeologists was not included. Continue reading

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