Geological research has convincingly shown that during the existence of Australopithecus the Earth’s climate became more dry, rain forests receded. Australopithecus lay in wait for the danger in open, treeless spaces. They needed to obtain food, including hunting. The lack of strong claws, teeth, adequate muscular strength has led to unique achievements, namely: the use of stone, sticks as tools and protection tools.
All in some way affected their evolution. As shown by the finds of parts of the skeletons of the Australopithecines are similar to man in structure of the several parts of the body. They moved on two legs. Over time they have adapted to changing environmental conditions.
So, the anthropoids, and fossil apes, in groups-herds, used the first tools: rocks, sticks for defense and obtaining food. But what food?
The materials of archaeological, geological and paleontological research in recent decades has shown that the Australopithecines used not only vegetable foods but also animals.
Hunting occupied a large place in the economy of the ancient people — it is an indisputable fact, but the premise of development as a form of practice originated and formed another prehuman stage of anthropogenesis. Predposlednyaya (omnivorous) originated from arboreal monkeys in the moment of transition, when they began to eat new kinds of plants growing on the ground, small animals, insects, perhaps, and the corpses of large animals and then to hunt with the stones that were originally used only in self-defense. Therefore, bone remains of animals, such as baboons, found along with the bones of Australopithecus, which bore traces of blows with blunt objects, they force you to change perspective on the nature of economic activities of the ancient hominid as a purely collecting economy. The predominance in the diet of human ancestors eating meat is a positive impact on the formation of the brain of higher fossil apes that had already been noted by F. Engels. Continue reading
Two-week archaeological expedition of Mariupol state University conducted excavations of the mound in the Novoazovsk area. To find the real sources of the historical past of mankind the students prompted the “black diggers”, which destroyed the centre hills in search of treasure. Read more about the campaign, “Donbass” said the commander, lecturer, Department of historical disciplines of the Moscow state University Vyacheslav Zabavin and master of history, assistant head of the expedition Sergei Nebrat.
The robbers destroyed the monument of history
In the fall of 2010 Mariupol archaeologists out to explore and studying the terrain on the land Pavlodolskaya of the village Council, saw pit field arable extortionate. That there worked “black diggers”, there was no doubt – the hole in the hill was done professionally, and in it and on the surface of the mound, archaeologists have found human bones, fragments of decayed wood and cernovodeanu ceramic chips.
It is likely that these findings diggers were not interested in or they weren’t identified, because this needs a specialskills. Often in mounds you can find products from precious metals, but by making an indentation in one and a half meters and not finding expensive artifacts, the robbers took off. This historical monument was destroyed, – is indignant Sergey Nebrat.
As such, the archaeologists found a mound last fall – in the heart of upland “black diggers” dug a big hole.
About this choice the citizens of Mariupol reported in the Institute of archaeology of the National Academy of science, Ministry of culture and tourism and requested permission to rescue excavations. To hold them decided not to let unscrupulous diggers continue to destroy the grave of their ancestors and themselves to find ancient artefacts and transfer them to the Mariupol local history Museum for the preservation. The court gave the green light, and at the end of June the students went on an expedition. Continue reading