Timur Tamerlane (1336-1405) was a prominent political figure of the second half of the XIV century. He founded a huge Asian Empire and the Timurid dynasty. The state’s capital was the city of Samarkand. The Bishop bore the title of – Emir, which translated from Arabic means “Lord.” The limits of its power stretched from Asia Minor to India and from the Aral sea to the Persian Gulf. Timur died during a trip to China in February 1405.
The dead body of the Bishop was embalmed and transported to Samarkand. The coffin was buried in the mausoleum Gur-Emir, which translated from Persian means “tomb of kings”. Thus, the tomb of Tamerlane in 1405 was built in Samarkand. In accordance with the custom of her curse was imposed, warning about the terrible evils if the sarcophagus with the body of the Emir will be opened.
The remains of Timur Tamerlane stored in a black sarcophagus
The opening of the tomb of Tamerlane
After coming to power of the Bolsheviks all the gold, precious stones and platinum have become the property of the state of workers and peasants. It has therefore become common practice to open the family crypts and removed from jewelry. In Russia, it is practiced very widely. In Central Asia until the early 40-ies of similar activities were not conducted. Continue reading
In the world there was always a lot of historical mysteries. Fortunately the answers to many of the questions were almost under our very nose, or rather underfoot. Archaeology has revealed to us the path of knowledge of our origins with the help of found artifacts, documents, and more. Still archaeologists are constantly digging up new prints of the past, revealing to us the truth.
Some archaeological discoveries just shocked the world. For example, the Rosetta stone by which scientists were able to translate many ancient texts. Discovered the Dead sea scrolls were vital for world religion, allowing you to confirm the texts of the Jewish Canon. To important finds include the tomb of king Tut and the discovery of Troy. Finding traces of Roman Pompeii opened to historians access to the knowledge of the ancient civilization.
Even today, when it seems that almost all science looks forward, the archaeologists still find ancient artifacts that can change our ideas about the past of the planet. Here are ten of the most influenced world history discoveries.
10. The mound There (1800’s)
The there is in Turkey. In fact, the discovery of this hill is the evidence of existence of Troy.For centuries, the Iliad of Continue reading
The main part of the collections of ancient gold Special storeroom of the Hermitage is composed mainly thanks to scientific archaeological investigations conducted in the territory of the Northern black sea. A separate study there started here in the XVIII century. Already in 1763 in Ukraine near the modern Kirovograd was one of the first excavated Scythian kurgans — Cast, well-known in science under the name of Melgunovka treasure . containing a variety of gold and silver jewelry and weapons.
However, a systematic study of the antiquities of the South of Russia began only in the second quarter of the nineteenth century. The impetus for this was a wonderful discovery of the Kul-Oba in 1830 near Kerch. Luxury graves in this burial mound, found in it works of art, scientific world acquainted with the masterpieces of Greek toreutics, caused a sensation among his contemporaries. Most of the stuff was taken to the Hermitage, where they formed the nucleus of world famous collections of antiquities of Cimmerian Bosporus (Greek name of the Kerch Strait).
Since the opening of the Kul-Oba area of Kerch and the Taman Peninsula and the southern steppes became a place of permanent archaeological searches. During the XIX — early XX century here worked a whole galaxy of Russian archaeologists and archaeology fans, the result of which has been gained huge semesterisation on culture and art of the local tribes and Greek colonies of the Northern black sea.
In 1859 in St. Petersburg of the Imperial Archaeological Commission . in whose jurisdiction was all basic research in Russia. Since then the new discoveries and, primarily, articles of precious metals, found in mounds and burials, invariably got into the Hermitage. Since that time, Russian archaeology was developing in a scientific direction.
The oldest specimens of toreutics, open in the CIS are the middle of the third Millennium B. C. These samples are from the barrow, which was discovered in 1897 on the streets of the city of Maikop in the North Caucasus. Continue reading