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A complex path of evolution

Geological research has convincingly shown that during the existence of Australopithecus the Earth’s climate became more dry, rain forests receded. Australopithecus lay in wait for the danger in open, treeless spaces. They needed to obtain food, including hunting. The lack of strong claws, teeth, adequate muscular strength has led to unique achievements, namely: the use of stone, sticks as tools and protection tools.

All in some way affected their evolution. As shown by the finds of parts of the skeletons of the Australopithecines are similar to man in structure of the several parts of the body. They moved on two legs. Over time they have adapted to changing environmental conditions.

So, the anthropoids, and fossil apes, in groups-herds, used the first tools: rocks, sticks for defense and obtaining food. But what food?

The materials of archaeological, geological and paleontological research in recent decades has shown that the Australopithecines used not only vegetable foods but also animals.

Hunting occupied a large place in the economy of the ancient people — it is an indisputable fact, but the premise of development as a form of practice originated and formed another prehuman stage of anthropogenesis. Predposlednyaya (omnivorous) originated from arboreal monkeys in the moment of transition, when they began to eat new kinds of plants growing on the ground, small animals, insects, perhaps, and the corpses of large animals and then to hunt with the stones that were originally used only in self-defense. Therefore, bone remains of animals, such as baboons, found along with the bones of Australopithecus, which bore traces of blows with blunt objects, they force you to change perspective on the nature of economic activities of the ancient hominid as a purely collecting economy. The predominance in the diet of human ancestors eating meat is a positive impact on the formation of the brain of higher fossil apes that had already been noted by F. Engels. Continue reading

Ancient symbol of humanity

The cross is an ancient symbol of humanity, a magical sign known since pagan times. Images of the cross, discovered during archaeological excavations, belong to the earliest periods of the history of the Ancient East, Asia, Egypt, Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.

Archaeologists have established that the image of the Egyptian cross “Ankh”, symbolizing the notion “life”, there are more than six thousand years! For more than three thousand years of existence of Ancient Egypt Ankh — the key to eternal life — an indispensable attribute of the deity and the Pharaoh. The Romans, the creators of the Grand Empire on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, used a cross in the form of two crossed wooden beams for the punishment of rebels and criminals, and since the first century, on the cross, after being tortured, crucified Christians. The usual instrument of execution was called “Antoniev” T-shaped cross.

In the Christian era, the cross has taken on many different forms and deepest content. The very moment of Christ’s Crucifixion is interpreted by the Church as the beginning of a new history of man. “Since that time, — is told in “the Law of God,” in the world of human ideas and concepts, there was a complete coup. Cross, a former first instrument of agonizing pain, cruel homicide, to become the reliable support person. The way, the truth and the life begin with the cross,without which it is impossible to escape”.

Christian cross symbols the most extensively studied and expressed in the writings of the Russian historian A. S. Uvarov. He believed the earliest the image of the so-called acrobranche cross, found in the caves and catacombs of Rome and Gaul, where he was hiding everywhere persecuted the followers of the new faith in the III – IV centuries. Abiding in them, they probably won’t once consoled himself by reading the lines of Paul’s letter, which States that everyone has the opportunity “to take predlagayu hope (i.e. the cross) that the soul is like an anchor steadfast and sure.” Some ancient writers mention an X-shaped cross, also served the Romans for torture of prisoners. It ended his life, the Apostle Andrew, and later the Christians the cross was a sign that hid the name of the Lord. Continue reading

Archaeologists: no treasure on lubinsky Avenue not found

Experts were quick to disappoint Omsk: during the work on lubinsky Avenue was found only one coin and trash.

Today, August 13, at a press conference General Director of IC “Ideal Story” Anatoly Latin and Omsk archaeologists have dispelled the rumors that when you work in the reconstruction of Lyubinsky Prospekt’s treasure was found. We will remind, couple of weeks ago in the media appeared information about the fact that coins minted in 1902 were found at the North theatre in Theatre square.

What has been found actually, today said an employee of the Omsk scientific center of Siberian branch of Russian Academy Russian Academy of Sciences Dmitry Pavlov .

– Was found just one coin 1961 year of release, which probably everyone has. Not found in the soil and in the well. Also found were vessels, animal bones, metal pins, nails, fragments of pottery, cast iron of pelvis late nineteenth century, fragments of porcelain. One horseshoe was found and a fragment of another, scraps of Shoe leather. All the finds date from the late nineteenth century. At the moment, made 16 sweeps, – said Pavlov.

The Museum of peoples of Siberia Omsk branch of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography Michael Karpenko added that if it was really found treasure, it was obyazatelnogo to declare. Violation of this rule leads to punishment, including criminal. And what was found, the archaeologists are called household waste. In contrast, the treasure is a collection of objects, “which is compact with a purpose were placed”. In addition, he said Karpenko, specialists are constantly working at the facility and conduct their own observation work. Continue reading

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