A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.
The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.
The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.
Twisted family tree
Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers. thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading
If someone is lucky enough on the beach to find fossilized seashells, it is possible to recognize them easily. But there are many fossils, looking for that hard to guess what they represented. The problem is compounded by the fact that many of the fossils are incomplete or poorly preserved. Sometimes the doubts are even scientists. In our review of the 10-ka fossils, which for many decades was not recognized.
Fossilized Ammonites are quite common today, but for thousands of years it took for anything except shellfish. The ancient Greeks thought they were RAM horns, and named the Amish in honor of the Egyptian God Amun, who was depicted with similar horns. The ancient Chinese called it the stone-horns for the same reason. In Nepal, fossilized Ammonites were considered a relic left by the God Vishnu. The Vikings thought of them as sacred petrified offspring of the world serpent of Ermengarda.
In the middle ages Ammonites were known in Europe as snake stones because it was believed that it was the petrified body of a coiled serpent, which turned into stone and Christian saints. Today it became known that the Ammonites is only fossilized shells of creatures that became extinct about four hundred million years ago. Continue reading
Few people know that on the territory of Rostov region is true… Greek city! More precisely its excavations, what was left of it. The city of Tanais (Greek Tape and Tape), founded in the early 3rd century BC by the Greeks from the Bosporan Kingdom. The town played an important role in the development of trade by sea.
Excavations of the ancient Greek city of Tanais, Rostov region
Who has not lived on this earth: the Scythians, the Amazons, the Greeks, the Venetians, the Polovtsian tribes and of course we, Russians.But, everything in order.
A little more than a couple of millennia ago, judging by the notes, Greco-Roman historians, on the don land inhabited by beautiful Amazons. They tilled the soil, and when it was time of war — take up arms. In order to freely own weapons, poor women even burned their right breast (to make it easier to throw a spear). In those days the river don was called Amazonia. One day, Amazon Lizippa and warrior Barossa was born the son of Tanais. The boy grew up and turned into a beautiful ,young man with impeccably owned weapons and different martial arts. To devote his life to the military art Tanais took chastity. Meanwhile, the goddess of love, Venus, fell in love with a young boy. It — zero attention. Wounded goddess punished Tanais love for his mother. The guy failed the test, and threw himself from a high hill into the river. Since then, the river was named “Tanais”. And then, in the name of the river, and called the City.
So, one Sunny summer day by car from Rostov-on-don, we went to the adventure “back in time”. Narrow highway Rostov-Taganrog, poplar along roads and hot, hot..Not far from the city of Taganrog turned the direction of Tanais, which is impossible to pass. Continue reading