Ancient symbol of humanity

The cross is an ancient symbol of humanity, a magical sign known since pagan times. Images of the cross, discovered during archaeological excavations, belong to the earliest periods of the history of the Ancient East, Asia, Egypt, Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.

Archaeologists have established that the image of the Egyptian cross “Ankh”, symbolizing the notion “life”, there are more than six thousand years! For more than three thousand years of existence of Ancient Egypt Ankh — the key to eternal life — an indispensable attribute of the deity and the Pharaoh. The Romans, the creators of the Grand Empire on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, used a cross in the form of two crossed wooden beams for the punishment of rebels and criminals, and since the first century, on the cross, after being tortured, crucified Christians. The usual instrument of execution was called “Antoniev” T-shaped cross.

In the Christian era, the cross has taken on many different forms and deepest content. The very moment of Christ’s Crucifixion is interpreted by the Church as the beginning of a new history of man. “Since that time, — is told in “the Law of God,” in the world of human ideas and concepts, there was a complete coup. Cross, a former first instrument of agonizing pain, cruel homicide, to become the reliable support person. The way, the truth and the life begin with the cross,without which it is impossible to escape”.

Christian cross symbols the most extensively studied and expressed in the writings of the Russian historian A. S. Uvarov. He believed the earliest the image of the so-called acrobranche cross, found in the caves and catacombs of Rome and Gaul, where he was hiding everywhere persecuted the followers of the new faith in the III – IV centuries. Abiding in them, they probably won’t once consoled himself by reading the lines of Paul’s letter, which States that everyone has the opportunity “to take predlagayu hope (i.e. the cross) that the soul is like an anchor steadfast and sure.” Some ancient writers mention an X-shaped cross, also served the Romans for torture of prisoners. It ended his life, the Apostle Andrew, and later the Christians the cross was a sign that hid the name of the Lord. Continue reading

Inappropriate artifact?

In science for polite suggestions “and not the fake that try to present as an unexpected finding” there is a term “out of place artifact ”

Inappropriate artifact (Fig. out-of-place artifact) object of historical, archaeological or paleontological interest found in unusual or unlikely at first glance. The term was coined by American naturalist and cryptozoology Ivan T. Sanderson and applies to a wide range of objects studied by science (for example, the iron pillar in Delhi), and pseudo-science.

Supporters of the “inappropriateness” of the artifacts believe that science ignores a vast area of knowledge, whether intentionally or out of ignorance. Some random discoveries, such as the antikythira mechanism. led to the fact that scientists have revised their ideas about the technology of ancient civilizations. However, many critics believe that the “inappropriateness” of artifacts most often occurs because of an incorrect interpretation of wydawania of wishful thinking or extreme Kulturzentrum (belief that culture could not create an artifact or to invent technology because he was too underdeveloped or just not smart enough).

Known examples of the “inappropriateness” of artifacts was caused by the insufficiency of our knowledge of witty simple solutions, invented by the ancient engineers. For example, it was shown that the multi-ton statymai on Easter island could be moved and lifted without the use of modern technology.

Misplaced many of the artifacts have not been subjected to a serious investigation and nothing is known about them, except for the fact findings. In such cases, the question arises, what the artifact actually existed. Some, such as crystal skull, have been exposed as outright fakes. Continue reading

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