Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town of Popayan, on the banks of the Magdalena river. Park San Agustín. Included in the world Heritage list of UNESCO.
San agustín is located in 227 km from the capital of the Department Neiva. The population is about 30 000 people the city was Originally founded as a village in 1752 by Alejo the Spaniard Astudillo, but the Indians soon destroyed it. The modern village was founded in 1790 by Lucas de Erazo-and-Mandhana.
In the area found traces of one of the most interesting civilizations of the Western hemisphere. Not far from San Agustin, at an altitude of 1800 meters at the source of the Magdalena river, in the cave found a large number of stone figures, vaguely reminiscent of the statue of the era of the Aztec Empire. Today in the Valley of the statues found more than 500 giant statues of people, gods and animals. They are scattered in more than 20 places in the forest, completely overgrown with orchids, the valley of the river Magdalena. Carved stone figures look at the background of this landscape is bleak and aloof. Sculptures of gods and mythological characters made in different styles and date back to different centuries. The height of some reaches 6 meters. Since espansione fray Juan de Santa Gertrudis in 1794 first reported about these giants, historians and archaeologists wonder about their origin and age. Some believe that they originated in the VI century BC, others are inclined to a later Dating, relating these works to the culture, destroyed by the Incas shortly before the Spanish conquest, they have a certain resemblance with the famous stone idols of Easter island. Continue reading
About the archaeologists in documentary films about military archeology and the search work. According to him, military archaeologists know why the soldiers killed in the great Patriotic war, still are missing.
— Why in Russia is still successfully wielded “black diggers”?
— Actually no “black diggers” in the real world does not exist. “Black diggers” is just another myth invented by the media by the authorities. I do excavations since 1987 and never any “black diggers” are not met. In reality there are two main areas of excavation — “ancient times” and “war”. Those people who involved in the excavation of “war”, I am fond of search work and military archaeology.
The main difference of search work and military archaeology is to set targets. Search engines are searching for unburied remains of fallen soldiers, trying to establish their identity, soldiers found buried with military honors in mass graves. Military archeologist military and domestic artifacts of the war, to try to reconstruct the battle and military life, to correct mistakes and inaccuracies in time and again re-written to suit the next political regime of military history of our country. By and large, search engines, and military archaeologists do one thing. The difference is that search engines operate legally, and military archaeologists is illegal. Each military archaeologist has its own good reasons for not advertising it.
When illegal military archaeologists find burial or ammunition, what are their next steps?
— Accidentally finding the unburied remains of soldiers of the red army, military archaeologists do the same, as in this situation will do every normal person: is a temporary burial place, its coordinates and found the soldiers passed in a formal search patterns. Found weapons, ammunition, explosive items on their own are safe. Then it all goes to private collections or for sale. For many archaeologists sale found in expeditions trophies — the only way to make a living, especially in the Russian provinces, where it is difficult to find a permanent job. Continue reading
All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in Continue reading