The great Patriotic war has left thousands of material evidence of the bitter and terrible events, all included in the memory of the people. The land for almost 69 years keeps these “treasures”, time, time showing them to the world. During the excavation of the German bunkers and trenches, a variety of engineering obstacles are interesting little things. Site that remember those terrible events that span thousands of kilometers. Archaeological excavations in Russia are conducted by pathfinders that meet various interests: from scientific, historical, to materialistic, narrow-minded. In the process, they seek to find evidence of life (both household and military) of the Soviet troops and enemy troops.
Excavations in the Tula region
Of great interest to archaeologists of any type (“white”, “gray”, “black”) represent the objects of everyday life of soldiers, uniforms and firearms. Near the village of Kamenskoe excavations of the German dugouts. And this work has yielded good fruit in the form of valuable exhibits, which settled in the district Museum. On the territory of this township was held the offensive two rifle divisions of the enemy – 113 and 338. A detachment of “Patriots” was found near artillery positions weight bullet casings and guns. During excavations, archaeologists remarkableness were surprised to see not far from the surface they found a bottle of cognac (“Hennessy”), which is not easy preserved, but preserved all the contents in excellent condition. There were found some items of ammunition in good condition: helmet, gas mask, shells, and other equipment. They were transferred to the Museum. Continue reading
All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in Continue reading
Timur Tamerlane (1336-1405) was a prominent political figure of the second half of the XIV century. He founded a huge Asian Empire and the Timurid dynasty. The state’s capital was the city of Samarkand. The Bishop bore the title of – Emir, which translated from Arabic means “Lord.” The limits of its power stretched from Asia Minor to India and from the Aral sea to the Persian Gulf. Timur died during a trip to China in February 1405.
The dead body of the Bishop was embalmed and transported to Samarkand. The coffin was buried in the mausoleum Gur-Emir, which translated from Persian means “tomb of kings”. Thus, the tomb of Tamerlane in 1405 was built in Samarkand. In accordance with the custom of her curse was imposed, warning about the terrible evils if the sarcophagus with the body of the Emir will be opened.
The remains of Timur Tamerlane stored in a black sarcophagus
The opening of the tomb of Tamerlane
After coming to power of the Bolsheviks all the gold, precious stones and platinum have become the property of the state of workers and peasants. It has therefore become common practice to open the family crypts and removed from jewelry. In Russia, it is practiced very widely. In Central Asia until the early 40-ies of similar activities were not conducted. Continue reading