One of the most remarkable and long-known monuments in the territory of Nakhodka is a settlement on the hill Scoltock. This settlement was discovered long ago, back in 1960-m to year, however, his study still no one did. The monument is located at the entrance to the city on the hill “Soldotna” about 25 meters in height, with steep slopes and a flat top. The slopes of the hills on its Northern, more gentle side, cut terrace-like platforms, made by cutting into the slope of one side of the terrace. All terraces counted about 10.
On the slopes and the top of the hill can be traced the numerous traces of unauthorized excavations, produced by local students – all terraces of the settlement violated pits and trenches. In the course of exploration in 2000 were also collected rich material of ceramic and stone tools: polished arrowheads, fragment of retouched obsidian tip, half a polished stone knife, stone hammers, flakes and chips, provincializing spindles, many fragments of pottery with ornamentation. The collected material has allowed to allocate in the settlement the presence of three layers: Neolithic (zaisanovka archaeological culture); early iron age (ansca archaeological culture); early middle ages (Mohe).
Another archaeological monument is a rock Bakhirev, which is located on a small rocky promontory jutting out into the sea from the main massif of Cape Astafeva. With the mainland Bakhirev Rock connected by a narrow isthmus of shingle embankment
The settlement was discovered during a campaign – intelligence in February 2003. The surface of the earth was covered with snow, but in some areas the snow has melted or been blown away by the wind, which helped to gather a small collection of lifting material. Continue reading
A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.
The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.
The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.
Twisted family tree
Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers. thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading
Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s Continue reading