Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in the nineteenth century. In the twentieth century, archaeology became a discipline taught at universities. Academic research, combined with extensive training of archaeology students have achieved marked success in the study of the material culture of the past.
The first year students of historical faculty offered a course entitled “fundamentals of archaeology”. For students majoring in the Department, are compulsory special course: the “Field archaeology”, “the Stone age, Eneolit and bronze age” “Iron age”, “Antique archaeology”, “Archaeology of Ancient Russia”, “Source”, “Scientific methods in archaeology”, “Typological seminar, Historiography of archaeology”, “Archaeological practice”.
In addition to required courses for students specializing in a particular area of archaeology, the Department staff and scientists from other institutions, including the Institute of archaeology RAS, the Institute of Ethnology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, State Historical Museum, read different courses.
In addition to training, the Department has research topical seminars: Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), “History of ancient craft” (hands. N. In.Ryndina), “Morphology of antiquities” (hands. Y. L. Shchapova), “Problems of archaeology of the early iron age” (hands. I. V. Yatsenko, A. R. Kantorovich). The seminars bring together undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and teachers not only of Moscow state University and other scientific institutions of Moscow.
The basis of fieldwork for students-historians I course for majoring students has always been a standing expedition, which at present is reduced to four. It – Novgorod (hands. V. L. Yanin), Smolensk (hands. T. A. Pushkina), the Crimean (hands. E. A. Popova), don (hands. N. B.Leonova). The materials of the expeditions become themes of course and diploma works of students, PhD theses of graduate students. The Department’s Continue reading
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica. Continue reading
In science for polite suggestions “and not the fake that try to present as an unexpected finding” there is a term “out of place artifact ”
Inappropriate artifact (Fig. out-of-place artifact) object of historical, archaeological or paleontological interest found in unusual or unlikely at first glance. The term was coined by American naturalist and cryptozoology Ivan T. Sanderson and applies to a wide range of objects studied by science (for example, the iron pillar in Delhi), and pseudo-science.
Supporters of the “inappropriateness” of the artifacts believe that science ignores a vast area of knowledge, whether intentionally or out of ignorance. Some random discoveries, such as the antikythira mechanism. led to the fact that scientists have revised their ideas about the technology of ancient civilizations. However, many critics believe that the “inappropriateness” of artifacts most often occurs because of an incorrect interpretation of wydawania of wishful thinking or extreme Kulturzentrum (belief that culture could not create an artifact or to invent technology because he was too underdeveloped or just not smart enough).
Known examples of the “inappropriateness” of artifacts was caused by the insufficiency of our knowledge of witty simple solutions, invented by the ancient engineers. For example, it was shown that the multi-ton statymai on Easter island could be moved and lifted without the use of modern technology.
Misplaced many of the artifacts have not been subjected to a serious investigation and nothing is known about them, except for the fact findings. In such cases, the question arises, what the artifact actually existed. Some, such as crystal skull, have been exposed as outright fakes. Continue reading