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The echo of the war. archaeological excavations in Russia

The great Patriotic war has left thousands of material evidence of the bitter and terrible events, all included in the memory of the people. The land for almost 69 years keeps these “treasures”, time, time showing them to the world. During the excavation of the German bunkers and trenches, a variety of engineering obstacles are interesting little things. Site that remember those terrible events that span thousands of kilometers. Archaeological excavations in Russia are conducted by pathfinders that meet various interests: from scientific, historical, to materialistic, narrow-minded. In the process, they seek to find evidence of life (both household and military) of the Soviet troops and enemy troops.

Excavations in the Tula region

Of great interest to archaeologists of any type (“white”, “gray”, “black”) represent the objects of everyday life of soldiers, uniforms and firearms. Near the village of Kamenskoe excavations of the German dugouts. And this work has yielded good fruit in the form of valuable exhibits, which settled in the district Museum. On the territory of this township was held the offensive two rifle divisions of the enemy – 113 and 338. A detachment of “Patriots” was found near artillery positions weight bullet casings and guns. During excavations, archaeologists remarkableness were surprised to see not far from the surface they found a bottle of cognac (“Hennessy”), which is not easy preserved, but preserved all the contents in excellent condition. There were found some items of ammunition in good condition: helmet, gas mask, shells, and other equipment. They were transferred to the Museum. Continue reading

Scientists have discovered why 14.5 thousand years ago

A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.

The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.

The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.

Twisted family tree

Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers.  thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading

The history of the ancient world

Stonehenge is an icon of prehistoric British culture, an Enigma that interested archaeologists and tourists for centuries. Why would he come here? What is its value? And which forces inspired its creators? A team of international archaeologists have found a new approach that, perhaps, is the key to the mysteries of Stonehenge.

The document, known as papyrus Harris, or the will of the Pharaoh Ramesses III, describes the last will of the ruler on the throne. But scientists are far more intrigued by another part of the papyrus, which refers to the untold reserves of gold and copper that were used by the Pharaoh, and clearly indicated that the ore mined and abandoned by the gods. Experts began to look for other documents of the same period. On the Turin papyrus map, which is stored in Italy, indicates the location of the mines, where the gods had mined gold and copper. This 15 kilometer stretch Addie-ha-Mamat in the Arabian desert.

It is known that the mankind many times faced with amazing finds, such as skeletons, skulls which had a rather strange shape. And recently there was another mystery – archaeologists have discovered in Peru the mummy of humanoid creatures with huge heads. The sensation was the fact that the first studies have shown that despite some similarities with the person that is not a people, but then what is it? Fudge uchenyh visionary or still another indirect fact in favor of the hypothesis about the existence of extraterrestrial civilizations, representatives of which. perhaps, once visited our Earth? Continue reading

Archaeological Park of San agustín
Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town…

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Archaeological finds: war is the natural state of man
The other day Kenyan military base in Somalia was attacked by militants of the Islamist group "Shabab". At the time of the attack, Kenyan soldiers were sound asleep, and it…

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The Department of archaeology
Interest in antiquities was awakened in Russia in the Petrine era. Picking up collections, active excavations, and special research contributed to the formation of archaeology as a scientific discipline in…

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