Archaeological Park of San agustín (Spanish Parque Arqueológico de San Agustín ) is one of the most important archaeological sites in Colombia (South America), located 2.5 km from the town of Popayan, on the banks of the Magdalena river. Park San Agustín. Included in the world Heritage list of UNESCO.
San agustín is located in 227 km from the capital of the Department Neiva. The population is about 30 000 people the city was Originally founded as a village in 1752 by Alejo the Spaniard Astudillo, but the Indians soon destroyed it. The modern village was founded in 1790 by Lucas de Erazo-and-Mandhana.
In the area found traces of one of the most interesting civilizations of the Western hemisphere. Not far from San Agustin, at an altitude of 1800 meters at the source of the Magdalena river, in the cave found a large number of stone figures, vaguely reminiscent of the statue of the era of the Aztec Empire. Today in the Valley of the statues found more than 500 giant statues of people, gods and animals. They are scattered in more than 20 places in the forest, completely overgrown with orchids, the valley of the river Magdalena. Carved stone figures look at the background of this landscape is bleak and aloof. Sculptures of gods and mythological characters made in different styles and date back to different centuries. The height of some reaches 6 meters. Since espansione fray Juan de Santa Gertrudis in 1794 first reported about these giants, historians and archaeologists wonder about their origin and age. Some believe that they originated in the VI century BC, others are inclined to a later Dating, relating these works to the culture, destroyed by the Incas shortly before the Spanish conquest, they have a certain resemblance with the famous stone idols of Easter island. Continue reading
All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in Continue reading
Each of us at least by hearsay is familiar with the pyramids and the tombs of the pharaohs in Egypt.
However, many interesting discoveries in the history of archaeology and remained for us a mystery.
Some archeological finds are rarely mentioned in the books, despite the fact that they, indeed, represent very significant value for scientists and for science in General.
Interesting archaeological finds
1. L’anse AUX meadows (L’anse aux Meadows)
Presumably, this ancient village was built by Vikings and is considered the West their habitat. This unusual monument is of particular interest to scholars.
The fact that it was built 500 years before Columbus discovered North America, and this fact makes this finding are incredible.
According to archaeologists, the Vikings who settled in L’anse AUX meadows, came to this country from Greenland.
2. Sacsayhuaman (Saksaywaman)
The fortress is located outside of Cuzco, Peru – the former capital of the Inca Empire.
Giant breed of this highly complex connection installed so tightly together that even hundreds of years after their construction you can’t pass between them, nor even to pass through the sheet of paper. Continue reading