The great Patriotic war has left thousands of material evidence of the bitter and terrible events, all included in the memory of the people. The land for almost 69 years keeps these “treasures”, time, time showing them to the world. During the excavation of the German bunkers and trenches, a variety of engineering obstacles are interesting little things. Site that remember those terrible events that span thousands of kilometers. Archaeological excavations in Russia are conducted by pathfinders that meet various interests: from scientific, historical, to materialistic, narrow-minded. In the process, they seek to find evidence of life (both household and military) of the Soviet troops and enemy troops.
Excavations in the Tula region
Of great interest to archaeologists of any type (“white”, “gray”, “black”) represent the objects of everyday life of soldiers, uniforms and firearms. Near the village of Kamenskoe excavations of the German dugouts. And this work has yielded good fruit in the form of valuable exhibits, which settled in the district Museum. On the territory of this township was held the offensive two rifle divisions of the enemy – 113 and 338. A detachment of “Patriots” was found near artillery positions weight bullet casings and guns. During excavations, archaeologists remarkableness were surprised to see not far from the surface they found a bottle of cognac (“Hennessy”), which is not easy preserved, but preserved all the contents in excellent condition. There were found some items of ammunition in good condition: helmet, gas mask, shells, and other equipment. They were transferred to the Museum. Continue reading
A new genetic analysis of archaeological finds has shown that some of the early inhabitants of Europe mysteriously disappeared by the end of the last ice age, and were largely replaced by other.
The discovery was confirmed by the analysis of dozens of ancient fossils, collected throughout Europe. Genetic replacement is likely to be the result of rapid climate change, which earlier inhabitants of Europe are unable to adapt quickly enough, says study co-author, Cosimo Post, archaeogenetic doctoral student at the University of tübingen in Germany.
The temperature change at the time was “huge compared to climate change in this century” . — told the Post. “Imagine that the environment has changed quite dramatically”.
Twisted family tree
Europe has a long and complicated genetic heritage. Genetic studies have shown that the first modern humans who came from Africa, somewhere between 40 and 70 thousand years ago, soon began to mate with local Neanderthals. At the beginning of the agricultural revolution, 10-12 thousand years ago, farmers from the Middle East walked across Europe, gradually displacing the local hunter-gatherers. thousand years ago, nomadic horsemen called Yamna came from the steppes of the present Ukraine and mingled with the local population. In addition, according to the survey for 2013, published in the journal Nature Communications . found another lost group of ancient Europeans mysteriously vanished about 4.5 thousand years ago. Continue reading
Crete is not only warm sea, clean beaches, tasty food, nature and interesting traditions. Crete is a unique story of civilization, which is already for the ancient Greeks was a legend, written language which is still not fully deciphered, and about the causes of death which can only make assumptions. That’s about it, the English archaeologist sir Arthur Evans said: “I opened a civilization unlike any Greek or Roman” and was named after the legendary king Minos, the Minoan. Traces of the Minoan civilization on Crete can be found at every step. In almost every coastal village has its own Villa, or disposing of left over from that mysterious era. But the most significant monuments of the Minoan palaces. Four. And one of them is the Palace of Knossos – where as predpolagaet and dwelt the mythical Minotaur from the myth Theseus and Ariadne. This air propitannym secret and legends, are also worth a visit the island of the Minotaur. Crete has carried more than Three or the Parthenon. Treasures and monuments found during the excavations have not been looted or taken out of Greece. You can see in archeological museums in Crete, but the largest and one of the most important archaeological museums in Europe – the archaeological Museum of Iraklion. The Museum has a unique kollekcionirovanie art Minojskoj era, and the Museum is therefore rightly called a Museum of Minoan culture. In 2002 the Museum began a complete reconstruction. After 10 years of reconstruction, opened 2 permanent exhibition hall (the hall of sculpture and Minoan frescoes). The entrance to them is free. It is about the unique frescoes, fragments of which were found during excavation of villas and palaces on Crete will be discussed.
When it comes to the Knossos Palace, it is assumed that most of the Palace was decorated with frescoes depicting nature, animals, sacred rituals. For 3500 years, who studied with the time, survived not so much, but even on these fragments it is possible to get an idea looked like the Cretans of the age of Minos. Boy, prekrasny like a flower in the end of the year has to die to get back – “Prince with the lilies”. Continue reading