The cross is an ancient symbol of humanity, a magical sign known since pagan times. Images of the cross, discovered during archaeological excavations, belong to the earliest periods of the history of the Ancient East, Asia, Egypt, Africa, the Mediterranean and Europe.
Archaeologists have established that the image of the Egyptian cross “Ankh”, symbolizing the notion “life”, there are more than six thousand years! For more than three thousand years of existence of Ancient Egypt Ankh — the key to eternal life — an indispensable attribute of the deity and the Pharaoh. The Romans, the creators of the Grand Empire on the shores of the Mediterranean sea, used a cross in the form of two crossed wooden beams for the punishment of rebels and criminals, and since the first century, on the cross, after being tortured, crucified Christians. The usual instrument of execution was called “Antoniev” T-shaped cross.
In the Christian era, the cross has taken on many different forms and deepest content. The very moment of Christ’s Crucifixion is interpreted by the Church as the beginning of a new history of man. “Since that time, — is told in “the Law of God,” in the world of human ideas and concepts, there was a complete coup. Cross, a former first instrument of agonizing pain, cruel homicide, to become the reliable support person. The way, the truth and the life begin with the cross,without which it is impossible to escape”.
Christian cross symbols the most extensively studied and expressed in the writings of the Russian historian A. S. Uvarov. He believed the earliest the image of the so-called acrobranche cross, found in the caves and catacombs of Rome and Gaul, where he was hiding everywhere persecuted the followers of the new faith in the III – IV centuries. Abiding in them, they probably won’t once consoled himself by reading the lines of Paul’s letter, which States that everyone has the opportunity “to take predlagayu hope (i.e. the cross) that the soul is like an anchor steadfast and sure.” Some ancient writers mention an X-shaped cross, also served the Romans for torture of prisoners. It ended his life, the Apostle Andrew, and later the Christians the cross was a sign that hid the name of the Lord. Continue reading
The Museum was organized in 1994 under the guidance of the scientific worker of the scientific-research sector of Gorno-Altaisk state University, V. I. Soenov and the assistant of the chair of Russian history and law A. B. Abela. The basis of the exhibition includes materials obtained in archaeological excavations of V. D. Kubarev, V. A. Mogilnikova, V. I. Sainova, A. C. Abela, etc.
In 2011, the Museum of archaeology became part of the Museum complex of the Gorno-Altai state University.
The Museum holds the work of educational, cultural, and scientific nature:
on the basis of the Museum is Museum practice students of historical faculty;
for first-year students is conducted “archaeological skit” – presentation of results of archaeological expeditions Gaga;
there are thematic excursions for schoolchildren, visitors, University students and other educational institutions of the city;
the Museum participates in citywide events;
publikuyutsya the Museum;
the Museum of archaeology participated in the archaeological expeditions of the University, office and office processing of obtained materials;
section of Museum studies at the annual scientific and practical conference of students, postgraduates and teachers. Continue reading