The great Patriotic war has left thousands of material evidence of the bitter and terrible events, all included in the memory of the people. The land for almost 69 years keeps these “treasures”, time, time showing them to the world. During the excavation of the German bunkers and trenches, a variety of engineering obstacles are interesting little things. Site that remember those terrible events that span thousands of kilometers. Archaeological excavations in Russia are conducted by pathfinders that meet various interests: from scientific, historical, to materialistic, narrow-minded. In the process, they seek to find evidence of life (both household and military) of the Soviet troops and enemy troops.
Excavations in the Tula region
Of great interest to archaeologists of any type (“white”, “gray”, “black”) represent the objects of everyday life of soldiers, uniforms and firearms. Near the village of Kamenskoe excavations of the German dugouts. And this work has yielded good fruit in the form of valuable exhibits, which settled in the district Museum. On the territory of this township was held the offensive two rifle divisions of the enemy – 113 and 338. A detachment of “Patriots” was found near artillery positions weight bullet casings and guns. During excavations, archaeologists remarkableness were surprised to see not far from the surface they found a bottle of cognac (“Hennessy”), which is not easy preserved, but preserved all the contents in excellent condition. There were found some items of ammunition in good condition: helmet, gas mask, shells, and other equipment. They were transferred to the Museum. Continue reading
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica. Continue reading
Archaeologists in Peru have managed to make a remarkable discovery: they dug up the room in which priests allegedly burnt sacrifices and communed with the higher powers. The building, built five thousand years ago is probably the most ancient sanctuary in the region.
Peruvian archeologists have discovered the ruins of stone buildings, which in ancient times, in all probability, served as a temple. The ruins of religious buildings situated in the side wing of the main pyramid at El Paraiso, forty kilometers North-East of the capital of Peru, Lima.
In the middle of the temple premises was a place for kindling the sacred fire and the altar for ceremonial burning brought gifts. Archaeologists have given this building called the “Temple of fire”. According to the Ministry of culture of Peru, on fragments of stone walls from the inner side are remains of yellow clay, which thin layer covers the walls of the room. Somewhere on the stones of the masonry and clay scientists found traces of red paint.
The area of the fire Temple small – about 56 square meters (about 7 to 8 meters). Interestingly, the entrance to Hambil very narrow (48 centimeters), so that freely pass through it could only lean, narrow-shouldered man. Researchers believe that in this room, mostly, burned sacrificial gifts. “Inhaling smoke from burning sacrifices, the priests, probably addressed to the gods, asked about vital matters, then listened to the will of the gods,” said Marco Hillje, head of the archaeological expedition, which produces excavations in the territory of El paraíso.
The excavations El paraíso occupies 50 hectares in the valley of the river Chillon. The complex of buildings consists of ten different stone buildings, already cleared from a thick layer of stones and sand. Archaeologists suggest that the settlement is actually one of the earliest in the Andes. Continue reading