All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in Continue reading
The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.
The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.
Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading
In September 1964, Professor B. F. Porshnev of the archaeologist-artist V. S. Orelkin arrived in the village of Tahini, to find the grave were Required. Interviewed the old-timers where she might be buried. The last descendant from the family of Geneva 79-year-old cannon told them they needed to dig under a pomegranate tree. At this time we had a downpour. Dug up a grave, removed the bones wet. But when the skull was reconstructed profile of a young dead woman, it became obvious that it was the grave of one long dead granddaughters Explained.
In October 1965 B. F. Porshnev, together with professors A. A. Mashkovtsev and M. G. Abdushelishvili again in Thine. This time started digging under the old quinces in the place where once again indicated the old man, Geneva. Again weather and again failed. During the excavation work damaged the front part of the skull. The study of the bones showed that the skeleton does not belong to Zane. Obviously, this bone Gamasy because they have a small but pronounced Neanderthal reject.
In the summer of 1971 continued the search for Igor Burtsev. In Sukhumi, he met a party of the former excavations Vladimir Sergeyevich Galkinym – historian, linguist, artist. He rendered great service by telling where the cemetery is located is also provided documents of previous excavations, in addition, put Burtsev at home. After receiving permission from the authorities on excavations at an abandoned family cemetery, started to work. Reasoning that her son had Ri pohoronena the grave of his mother, began a search for his grave. A meter away from her old discovered a long-forgotten grave. The grave was about two metres long. Continue reading