New artifacts of ancient civilizations
Thanks to continued this year to archaeological excavations in the territory of Armenia identified a lot of unique artifacts, evidence of ancient civilizations in our land. According to Armenian archaeologists, found in the regions of Armenia artifacts worthy of decorating the richest collections of such museums as the Hermitage and the Louvre.
Director of the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography, National Academy of Sciences of Armenia Pavel Avetisyan believes this year the site plan has been successful and fruitful. He sobowale “archive” artifacts of Artashat . unique in that it was found during excavations stamps were dated to 3-4 century – the period of the Sassanids. “This year we found about 800 seals. In different parts of the settlement before that since the 70s, has uncovered such “archives” and found a huge number of similar seals, but all belonged to the end of the 2 1 century, i.e. to the pre-Christian period. The last artifacts is really new and very important facts,” – said the Director of the Institute.
According to Avetisyan, the seals were engraved portraits of kings and their names. “Now these seals are stored at the Institute of archaeology and Ethnography: they are cleared, they “work” specialists, after which they will be transferred to the Museum of history of Armenia,” he said.
Sensational printing pattern found in the ancient settlement of Aknashen. Here, archeologists discovered the residential layer, which dates to the 7th Millennium before Christ.
The artifacts found in the medieval capital of Armenia – Dvin – fragments of pottery, glass, may become a benchmark for the region. Excavations were conducted in the southern part of the hill, resulting in “open” kiln earlier period – the “iron” of a century with two air ducts. At the Western site is “open” is also part of the Arab walls of buildings, the Eastern section was occupied by burials and excavations ceased.
On the southern hill of the fortress walls “open” and the residential quarter (11-13 centuries) with numerous tonirai (earth oven). Studies were conducted in the North-Eastern slope of this ancient settlement. Here revealed an interesting and unique in its kind and brick construction with plaster ornaments and earthenware bowls.
In ancient Fort-settlement at Metsamor excavations unearthed a female skeleton . fragments of pottery, beads, ring. Judging by the nature of the burial of a woman, it is, in all probability, the ancient burial place, however, the final answer to this question can be given after carrying out of genetic examination.
Excavations were also conducted in the Acropolis, the tomb and living in urban areas. In the Acropolis, the members of the Armenian-Polish expedition has studied, in particular, the process of gradual development of the monuments from the early bronze age to the middle ages.
On a city block was “open” system structures of the early “iron” age. During excavations was found and karases, on the slopes of this ancient settlement has opened a number of layers, the top one refers to the Achaemenid period. According to archaeologists, before the arrival of the Urartians, the site of the Ararat plain was already inhabited, but the Urartians improved, coordinated its development.
In the excavations in Tigranakert of Artsakh will find a number of interesting artifacts. Excavations were conducted for about 50 days in the three main blocks of Tigranakert – the Northern wall of the fortress, at the Ancient quarter and in the Northern yard of the temple of the early Christian period. In the Northern part of the fortress wall opened another new 25-metre plot in place of excavation a portion of the wall turns at a right angle, apparently, you can expect to see another tower. Already it can be argued that the length of the ramparts reached 225 m. Among the found artifacts are dominated by fragments of ancient clay vessels, found also top of the jug, fragments of the great Karasu, small jar, etc.
According to archaeologists, excavations of this year, it is already possible to speak about existence in the Ancient quarter of complexes for household purposes.
In addition to items related to earthwork, utility work, there were found also excellent products of very high quality ceramics and pottery.
Institute of arheologii and Ethnography of NAS RA international cooperation provides high quality information flow to thousands of dollars and euros, Armenian archaeology receives international recognition. “We have joint programs with France, Italy, USA, Israel and other countries. Thanks to joint excavations, found artifacts studied abroad, Armenia itself does not have the necessary finances to carry out such work”, – said Pavel Avetisyan.