New discoveries of archaeologists
Archaeologists in Peru have managed to make a remarkable discovery: they dug up the room in which priests allegedly burnt sacrifices and communed with the higher powers. The building, built five thousand years ago is probably the most ancient sanctuary in the region.
Peruvian archeologists have discovered the ruins of stone buildings, which in ancient times, in all probability, served as a temple. The ruins of religious buildings situated in the side wing of the main pyramid at El Paraiso, forty kilometers North-East of the capital of Peru, Lima.
In the middle of the temple premises was a place for kindling the sacred fire and the altar for ceremonial burning brought gifts. Archaeologists have given this building called the “Temple of fire”. According to the Ministry of culture of Peru, on fragments of stone walls from the inner side are remains of yellow clay, which thin layer covers the walls of the room. Somewhere on the stones of the masonry and clay scientists found traces of red paint.
The area of the fire Temple small – about 56 square meters (about 7 to 8 meters). Interestingly, the entrance to Hambil very narrow (48 centimeters), so that freely pass through it could only lean, narrow-shouldered man. Researchers believe that in this room, mostly, burned sacrificial gifts. “Inhaling smoke from burning sacrifices, the priests, probably addressed to the gods, asked about vital matters, then listened to the will of the gods,” said Marco Hillje, head of the archaeological expedition, which produces excavations in the territory of El paraíso.
The excavations El paraíso occupies 50 hectares in the valley of the river Chillon. The complex of buildings consists of ten different stone buildings, already cleared from a thick layer of stones and sand. Archaeologists suggest that the settlement is actually one of the earliest in the Andes.
In the heart of Mexico city, in the temple, “Temp-lo Major” on the territory of the city of Tenochtitlan, under a layer of earth lying near the wall sacrificial stone. The archaeologists Estibaliz Aguayo and Berenice Jimenez, from the National Institute of anthropology and history (INAH) reported on first results of a sacrificial stone from “Templo Mayor”.
Stone served as a solid base when performing bloody rituals of the Aztecs. He was found a few months ago, next to the wall of the temple. This unusual arrangement of the sacrificial stone surprised the archaeologists. According to experts, he was unable to be there when performing rituals, because the so-called stones “teckal”, usually installed in open places, quite far from buildings.
Archaeologists suggest that the flat stone was brought to the “Templo Mayor” five hundred years ago. Man, the sacrifices, laid on the stone “teckal” on the back. Then the priests with a sharp knife of obsidian cut through the victim’s chest and tore his heart out. In this cruel and disgusting ritual has emerged a lot of blood.
In the laboratory, National Autonomous Institute of Mexico exploring the surface of a sacrificial stone in search of blood evidence. Right under the stone in the pit were several human skulls. ***
Sands of Egypt, no doubt, still retain many unknown monuments of ancient Egyptian culture including pyramids and unknown. Belgian archaeologists from the universities of Brussels and liège was opened in the new Luxor pyramid. The pyramid was built more than three thousand years ago to the highest dignitary by the Pharaoh Ramses II.
Building erected on a low hill. As a building material used was Adobe brick (from clay neobeguea). The original height of the pyramid was 15 meters and the length of the base – about 12 meters. After laying the surface of the pyramids were plastered and whitewashed. Pointed top of the pyramid is built of stones. From the imprint on the brick Belgian scientists have learned that the “pyramid belonged to a vizier of Upper and Lower Egypt named khay, who held this high office for 15 years during the reign of Pharaoh of the nineteenth dynasty of Ramses II (1279-1213. BC)”.
In VII -VIII centuries Coptic Christians partially used the pyramid for the construction of the monastery. During the construction of the monastery a large part of ancient Egyptian culture Christians destroyed.
The high dignitary was known by many Egyptologists documents long before the discovery of his pyramid. He was one of the most important persons in the state and mentioned in the reports of the celebrations to mark the anniversary of the accession of the Pharaoh to the throne. Hai was also named as a chief warden for the workers on the construction of tombs in the Valley of the pharaohs. ***
Where and how people lived, which the Incas sacrificed? These are the questions answered American anthropologist, Haagen Klaus of Utah valley University. He shared his research on 33 mummies found in Northern Peru, at the archaeological complex of Chotuna-Chornancap. All these people died in the period between 1450 and 1532 ad In the collagen of bone and keratin in the hair of mummies researcher was looking for information about how these people lived during the last months of life, how they happened and what they ate. He took samples from the bone edges and from hair preserved on the heads of mummies. The results are about the same as the results of other studies of ritual sacrifices of the Incas: from 33 victims, 30 were female, and most girls have not reached 15 years of age and some were younger than nine years.
All sacrificed people died as a result of the application of complex injuries in the neck. Young men destined for sacrifice were usually brought from different places and for several months been feeding special food. At least the Incas did in various other regions.
The so-called “girl from Llullaillaco” – mummy, was found on the side of a volcano on the border of Chile and Argentina – more than a year before the ritual death received a special, protein-rich foods. But girls sacrificed in Chotuna-Chornancap, not imported from afar, were born in this country, and until the end of his short life eating the most ordinary food.
The researcher came to the conclusion that in every region, obviously, had its own customs, and in every place the Incas in different ways to choose the victim for the ritual and prepared them for death.