All our knowledge about amber, we have archaeological discoveries. It is with the help of archaeologists, were found unique items made of amber, which to this day are kept in different museums of amber. According to archaeological findings it was possible to determine when people first learned about amber, what properties it was endowed, were made as amulets and ornaments of amber, and many other useful things.
On the territory of the former Soviet Union amber found during excavations of almost all the forest belt of the European part of Russia to Ural and Siberia. In the South of the archaeological finds of amber are found, including the Northern black sea region. Abroad Baltic amber is found near the walls of ancient Troy is a state in Northwest Asia Minor, and in the tombs of Mycenae in Greece, the Mayans in Mexico, in the tombs of the pharaohs of Egypt, Greece, Rome and other States.
By studying archeological finds, scientists have concluded that people are already 9 thousand years familiar with amber. During the excavation of the Parking of primitive people in Austria, in the caves of Moravia and Upper Pyrenees, were found raw pieces of amber. And the first amber jewellery, people began to make about 7 thousand years ago. This is evidenced by the beads found in Denmark, the Baltics, Belomorye and Ukraine, it is now known deposits of amber. Amber jewellery, and how to define a scientist, Baltic, represented in Continue reading
Controversy is normal in the scientific world, and archaeology is no exception. Values ranging from cave paintings to the last moments of life mummified human archaeology provides many topics for disputes in which inquiring minds are trying to uncover the truth. Today we tell about some of the most famous archaeological finds, which for many years causing a great deal of debate among scientists.
Mysterious hill Spanish (Spanish Hill) is located in Pennsylvania. Researchers cannot come to a consensus regarding the origin of structures and embankments that are found on the hill. Some believe that they created the first farmers, others that it is the remains of the settlements of the ancient Indians, and others that at this place occurred a fierce battle
33-meter high temple in the city of Tikal
The debate around this Mayan temple was not its origin or purpose of creation, and the fact that archaeologists decided to remove the structure in order to see what it looked like the initial stage of its construction.
This pre-Columbian Maya book first appeared in the private collection of one of the collectors of new York in the twentieth century. Since then, however, its authenticity was once challenged by archaeologists.
The map was drawn by Turkish Admiral Piri-Reis and supposedly is a copy of one of the many maps of Christopher Columbus. For a long time in Turkey it was considered a matter of national pride.However, experts doubt its accuracy, especially in relation to the New World and the coasts of Antarctica. Continue reading
The nineteenth century for prehistoric archaeology, as well as for the classic, was “the era of great archaeological discoveries.” In 1829, on the lake of Zurich in Switzerland were discovered hidden under water piles. They are not paying much attention, until in 1854 due to the strong drought is not exposed near the shores of the lake bottom. The locals, producing earthworks designed to recapture the water some part of the land, were found stone and bone tools, broken pottery. Learning of this, the Swiss archaeologists have begun excavating the pile and opened a settlement. There were several alternating layers. The top layer of sand followed (deep) layer of silt with remnants of dwellings, utensils, implements, then again a layer of sand, and under it another layer of silt with residential remains.
The existence of the pile settlements in ancient times it was known from the testimony of Herodotus, who described the settlement on the lake is Great-zias (Macedonia) in the V century BC On the pile dwellings in the same century according to Hippocrates and, finally, the bas-relief image on the Trajan’s column, Dating from the II century ad Modern pile settlements are known in many countries, mostly Equatorial, but in the nineteenth century they were still in Portugal.
Ancient pile settlements, open in Switzerland, belong to stone and bronze ages. Further pile settlements were opened in other locations in Switzerland and in other countries. These discoveries put comicsporn about three centuries. Due to the large number of monuments were able to establish that the upper layers containing bronze items, belong to the bronze age, and bottom, do not contain metal, but with a clearly Neolithic tools, Dating from the stone age. Continue reading
Mass extinction of Indians in America in the seventeenth century is most likely connected with the activity of Catholic missionaries who began to preach vigorously in the New World in the years 1621-1626, and not with the arrival of the conquistadors, as previously thought. To this conclusion came a group of archaeologists from Harvard University (USA), completed a major study of the remains of Indians from the time of Columbus, reports RIA Novosti.
As you know, most of the American Indians didn’t die from physical destruction by the conquerors, but because of the diseases, brought by Europeans. However, the subject of dispute the question remains, when exactly it happened. Previously it was thought that the mass extinction of the indigenous population of America began immediately after the arrival of Europeans, the first settlers, the conquistadors. However, in 2014, geneticists have determined that the ancient inhabitants of Peru had already had TB, even though he was considered one of the causes of extinction of Indians in the era of Columbus.
Group Matthew Liebmann of Harvard University examined the human remains from ancient settlements on the territory of modern new Mexico. The researchers used a laser radar to “look” under a layer of soil and examine what is at depth. Thus were established the true size of each settlement, the number of the people living there, and takeapart when a massive extinction. Continue reading
Sentenced a group of “black diggers” who were engaged in illegal search and seizure of historical artifacts, announced yesterday the Supreme court RT. According to the FSB Directorate for Tatarstan, a criminal case on the fact of such crimes, and sentencing is Russia’s precedent.
The buffs were detained in July 2014 on the territory of the archaeological monument “Kyzyl-Alinskoe (Novoaleksandrovskaya) settlement” in the Chistopol region of Tatarstan. On the spot they seized 54 archaeological object which the examination was carried subsequently to the X – first half XVI centuries, including coins and jewelry, representing historical, scientific, artistic and cultural value.
The organizers of the group was the 31-year-old previously convicted of drug Manager of one of the Kazan LLC Andrey Nectarin and his friend, 38-the summer anywhere not working inhabitant of Chistopol Ilya Polacken. Both of them, though, and had no higher education, but was fond of history, more precisely, applied to archaeology. I studied the special literature, archaeological maps, interacting on online forums and hunters, armed with special knowledge, looking for areas containing cultural layer, and place of occurrence of antiquities.
In 2014 hounestly met a professional archaeologist, a graduate of Kazan University H. who also used to be fond of treasure, but learn that for some time this hobby has become a criminal offence, threw him. However, for a fee H. agreed to look for new friend areas in Tatarstan, the cultural layer which potentially contains historical value. Note that in order to officially conduct the excavations in such places, you need to get in the RT Ministry of culture special permission – the “open sheet”. But this is a very complicated procedure, and most importantly, found during surveys valuable items have to refer to the Museum Fund. And this is in the plans of black archaeologists was not included. Continue reading